You searched for "epithelium"

287 results found

Atrophy and anti-VEGF

The aim of this study was to investigate treatment factors, along with ocular and systemic factors for their association with macular atrophy (MA) incidence in eyes with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) treated with anti-VEGF aflibercept or ranibizumab according to...

Vitreoretinal Disease: Diagnosis, Management and Clinical Pearls (second edition)

A comprehensive, well-illustrated and highly informative resource providing excellent descriptions of vitreoretinal diseases, their presentation, diagnosis and management. The 40 chapters are grouped into four sections, namely: the Anatomy and Physiology of the vitreous, retina, choroid and retinal pigment epithelium;...

Effect of long-term scleral contact lenses on corneal topography, tear film and impression cytology in keratoconus

This study of 16 keratoconus patients aimed to investigate the impact of long-term scleral contact lens (ScCL) wear on corneal curvature, corneal thickness, tear film function and ocular surface in patients with keratoconus. Corneal topography, tear osmolarity test, Schirmer 1...

Differential diagnosis of retinoblastoma and pseudo retinoblastoma

The authors reviewed the rate of pseudo retinoblastoma (PRB) among cases referred for suspicion of RB at a tertiary referral centre in Turkey and the distribution of PRB cases according to age. This was a retrospective study of 549 patients...

Neurofibromatosis type 1 features

The aim in this study was to identify the incidence and de nova mutation rate of Neurofibramatosis type 1 (NF1) and describe the ocular and non-ocular findings in a population-based cohort of patients diagnosed over a 30-year period. The study...

Silicone oil in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Silicone oil (SO), used in complicated retinal detachments, is associated with complications such as cataract, increased intraocular pressure (IOP), keratopathy, cystoid macular oedema (CMO), epiretinal membrane (ERM) and loss of vision. Emulsification of oil can also lead to migration of...

Choroidal folds

Choroidal folds are undulations of the choroid, Bruch’s membrane and pigment epithelium, with wrinkling of the overlying retina. They may be idiopathic but can also be caused by a number of different conditions. Case report A 60-year-old male patient was...

Irido-corneal endothelial syndrome: an overview

Irido-corneal endothelial (ICE) syndrome is a rare group of eye related disorders that constitute three different clinical entities: Chandler syndrome (CS), essential / progressive iris atrophy and iris naevus / Cogan-Reese syndrome. ICE syndrome is sporadic in its presentation as...

Silent keratitis in failed graft

This study examined rates of asymptomatic keratitis in failed full thickness corneal grafts, which were not picked up clinically preoperatively. During a five year period 53 penetrating keratoplasties (PK) were performed for long-standing graft decompensation with stromal opacity and /...

Nanofiber-based hydrogels prevent capsular opacification

Lens refilling is the replacement of the lens with a silicone polymer in an otherwise intact lens capsule. However, capsular opacification (CO), resulting in reduced visual acuity, is a major complication of these injectable accommodating lenses. Opacification is due to...

Burning vision: vision loss from misuse of ‘toy’ laser pens in children

A case series of five children with macular burns due to the misuse of novelty laser products, purchased online or abroad, was undertaken at the Royal Hallamshire Hospital and The Children’s Hospital, Sheffield [1]. All patients were from the Sheffield...

Embryology in clinical practice

The fascinating world of embryology is both beautiful and practical. It is a home video of our evolutionary history through the ages from the single cell through to the life aquatic, the development of gut, limbs and brain, and most...