Cataract in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome

The authors present a prospective comparative study in 43 patients with (group 1) or without (group 2) pseudoexfoliation (PXF) undergoing cataract surgery. Anterior capsule samples were obtained in all patients and analysed for signs of apoptosis by using special staining...

Cataract surgery in patients being treated for neovascular AMD

This retrospective matched case control study evaluated outcomes and predictive factors of visual acuity (VA) change after cataract surgery in patients being treated for neovascular age related macular degeneration (nAMD). They compared 124 patients that had cataract surgery with 372...

Low dose steroids for ocular dry eye disease in graft vs. host disease

This double-masked randomised clinical trial compared the response of dry eye disease (DED) to treatment with topical steroids in patients with and without graft vs. host disease (GVHD). Forty-two patients in a single centre (n=21 with and n=21 without GVHD)...

Assessment and management of dry eye disease

This paper is an update on the assessment and management of dry eye disease (DED). According to the second International Dry Eye Workshop 2017, “Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the ocular surface characterised by a loss of homoeostasis...

Optical quality difference between monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses

It is well known that multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) can generate more than one focus to restore distance and near vision, but patients may experience adverse optical phenomena such as decreased contrast sensitivity and induced glare or halos. The authors...

Long-term corneal crosslinking results in paediatric eyes

This prospective longitudinal study examined patients 18 years of age or less with progressive keratoconus, who underwent corneal crosslinking and completed 10 years of follow-up. Crosslinking protocol involved removal of epithelium, 10 minutes of riboflavin soaking, followed by 30 minutes...

Phakic iris clip lenses and endothelial cell loss

This retrospective observational study included long-term results on endothelial cell losses in highly myopic eyes, which underwent phakic iris-clip lens implantations. Included in the analysis were 113 eyes with mean preoperative spherical equivalent (SEQ) of -14.67 +/- 5.15 Diopters (D)....

MicroRNA inhibits corneal neovascularisation

MicroRNAs (miR) are small non-coding RNA that target mRNA for destruction. MiR target about 30% of the protein coding genes and fine tune their expression. MiR have been shown to be involved in several cellular processes including cell cycle, tissue...