Multicentre PCO rates in different brands of monofocal intraocular lenses

This was a longitudinal, retrospective cohort study featuring 47,754 (three years) and 20,763 (five years) eyes with age-related (≥65 year) cataract surgeries between 2010-2013 across seven UK ophthalmology clinics. The three- and five-year incidence of posterior capsular opacification (PCO) and...

Atropine treatment for myopia in western countries – rationale

This preliminary study sets out the rationale, methodology and participant baseline characteristics for the Western Australia Atropine for the Treatment of Myopia (WA-ATOM). It is a double masked randomised placebo-controlled trial. This study is designed to be combined with the...

First systematic review of COVID-19 colonisation of ocular tissues and secretions

The authors present the first systematic review summarising all the data regarding SARS-CoV-2 colonisation of ocular and periocular tissues and secretions. They reviewed all publications between December 2019 to April 2020 in the Cochrane Library, Medline, World of Science and...

Effect of trabeculectomy on corneal endothelial cell loss

This is a prospective study of 117 eyes for two years after trabeculectomy, to investigate the corneal endothelial cell density (CECD) by specular microscopy prior to and after surgery on a six monthly basis. At six, 12, 18 and 24...

Effect of caffeine and low intensity endurance exercise on intraocular pressure

This placebo controlled, double blind, balanced crossover study reports in healthy individuals that 30 minutes of cycling caused a maximum of 2.7mmHg lowering of IOP. A caffeine dose of 4mg/kg 30 minutes prior to cycling negated this effect. The conclusion...

Dacryoendoscopy in congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction

This retrospective study demonstrates the role of dacryoendoscopy to identify causes of failed lacrimal probing in congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO). Dacryoendoscopy was carried out in 13 children with refractory CNLDO. The lacrimal pathway was examined from puncta to the...

Eye movements in children with strabismus +/- amblyopia

The aim of this study was to detect eye movement recording abnormalities using different paradigms in children with strabismus in the absence or presence of amblyopia and compare these findings with age-matched children without strabismus. One hundred children were recruited...

Undetected retinoblastoma management following vitrectomy

This retrospective study from a single-centre referral university hospital in Germany analysed data collected between 1991-2019 to comment on management and complications of undetected retinoblastoma eyes following vitrectomy. The 10 patients included had a mean age of 36.1 months (range...

Evaluation of ectopia lentis et pupillae (ELP)

The ADAMTSL4 gene encodes proteins for cellular adhesion, angiogenesis, nervous system development and anterior / posterior segment structures. This case report describes a four-year-old female with diagnosis at referral of ELP. A three-generation pedigree was obtained and was negative for...

Mimicked tumour seeding due to asteroid hyalosis

A case report is presented of a patient with treated retinoblastoma (RB) who later developed asteroid hyalosis which mimicked tumour seeding. The case was a 37-year-old male with presenting symptoms of vitreous floaters. A unilateral RB was diagnosed at the...

Management of large hypertropia due to lost inferior rectus

This case report outlines the management strategy for a 37-year-old male who suffered a penetrating left orbital injury with rupture of the inferior rectus muscle, optic nerve avulsion and vertical deviation of about 90PD. On orbit exploration, the inferior rectus...

Visual acuity outcomes in Coat’s disease by classification stage

This is a retrospective study of 160 consecutive patients with Coat’s disease under the Shields classification, with Snellen visual acuity (VA) pre and post treatment. Affected eyes were categorised based on the Shields classification: Stage 1: retinal telangiectasia onlyStage 2a:...