Choice of cycloplegia regime

The purpose of this randomised control trial (RCT) was primarily to compare the refractive outcome of atropine 0.5% (A) instilled twice daily at home 2.5 days before measurement versus two drops of 1% cyclopentolate (CC) in one eye versus one...

Comparison of changes in ECD and CCT between CPS and FLACS

This is an intraindividual randomised clinical trial of 134 eyes from 67 patients, one eye was treated with femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) (including pretreatment of main incision, side port, capsulotomy and lens fragmentation) and the fellow eye received conventional...

Preoperative anxiety levels and pain during cataract surgery

Increased anxiety has been shown to be associated with greater pain in a number of procedures. In this observational, non-interventional study, the authors sought to evaluate the correlation between pain with phacoemulsification surgery (under topical and intracameral local anaesthesia) and...

Smartphone use and its effects on eyes

Longitudinal pilot study on 12 young healthy adults comparing effects of smartphone use over a 60-minute period. Reading conditions and smartphone use was standardised for all participants. Ocular symptoms, tear function and binocular vision were assessed before and after each...

Episcleral brachytherapy (EB) for retinoblastoma (RB)

This retrospective study consisted of 11 eyes treated either with Iodine (I) -125 or Ruthenium (R) -106EB with a mean apical dose of 44Gy. There were five in group B (46%), three in group C (27%) and three in group...

A prospective trial of adjuvant therapy for high-risk melanoma

Patients diagnosed with iris, ciliary body or choroidal melanoma of high-risk tumour cytogenetics (monosomy 3>/= 20% of cells), were treated with adjuvant low-dose dacarbacine (DTIC) and interferon –alpha-2b (IFNA-2b), following primary treatment (enucleation, brachytherapy or resection). DTIC was given intravenously...

Ptosis procedure compared to upper blepharoplasty on dry eye syndrome

In this prospective, comparative case series, the authors compare the effect of combined blepharoplasty and Muller muscle conjunctival resection (MMCR) to an upper blepharoplasty in dry eye syndrome. The study was approved by the local institutional review board and participants...

Diagnosis and management of solitary fibrous tumour

This is a retrospective review of 21 patients diagnosed with solitary fibrous tumour of the orbit between 1996 and 2018 at a single centre. The authors reviewed the clinical presentation, management and course of the disease and reanalysed the histopathology...

Less extrusion of StopLoss Jones tubes

This is a retrospective comparison of the survival of StopLoss Jones tubes with conventional Lester Jones tubes. Between 2014 and 2016, 31 StopLoss and 59 Lester Jones tubes were inserted. The authors compared the extrusion and sinking-in rates between the...

Tetracaine to reduce OCR

This study investigates the effects of Tetracaine eye drops on oculocardiac reflex (OCR) during strabismus surgery. A randomised controlled trial of 70 strabismus surgery patients aged two to 19 years was conducted with comparison of Tetracaine versus placebo. Demographics were...

Superior oblique tuck procedure

A retrospective study was conducted of superior oblique (SO) tuck as a primary and secondary surgery over a 25-year period involved 162 eyes of 162 patients. Two thirds were male. Mean age at surgery was 45.94 years. The left eye...

Combined recession surgery with Bupivacaine injection

The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of correction of sensory strabismus with Bupivacaine injection combined with antagonist muscle recession. This was a prospective study of nine patients aged 43.5 ±12.3 years; six males and three females....