Psychological approach to treatment of accommodative / convergence anomalies

A case series is presented of affected children, young people and young adults with discussion of a psychological approach to aiding their accommodative problems. The psychological approach involved an information sheet provided at the end of assessment which included explanations...

Effectiveness of supramaximal horizontal surgery for third nerve palsy

The purpose of this study was to present the outcomes and progress of third nerve palsy cases after supra-maximal recession / resection. The aim is for an initial overcorrection of 15-25PD at day one. This was a retrospective study of...

Myopia in Han Chinese

The authors present a case-control study of 361 patients with high myopia (mean spherical equivalent of -6.0DS or lower, and axial length greater than or equal to 26mm) and 749 healthy controls (mean spherical equivalent -1.0 to +1.0DS). They tested...

New management algorithm for acute post cataract endophthalmitis

In this study, the authors aimed to establish an objective algorithm for recommending urgent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) to help improve visual outcomes in the current era of clear corneal-incision phacoemulsification and small gauge PPV. This study examined 150 cases...

Cataract progression after Nd-YAG laser iridotomy in primary angle-closure suspect eyes

A total of 889 of eligible bilateral primary angle-closure suspect (PACS) patients were recruited from the Zhongshan Angle Closure Prevention Trial. One randomly selected eye received laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI), while the fellow remained untreated. Cataract was graded by the...

A review of the risk of nonarteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy post-cataract surgery

A systematic review and meta-analysis are presented with the aim of assessing whether cataract surgery increases the risk of non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) and identify potential predictors of risk. The search strategy components are outlined in detail. A...

The expanding spectrum of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

This is a review article from a tertiary centre in Atlanta, US. With rising obesity rates and increasing access for MRI scans there has been a large increase in patients requiring an urgent papilloedema check with incidental findings on MRI...

Does methanol poisoning require ophthalmic investigation?

The authors report a case series of 21 patients (41 eyes) diagnosed with acute methanol poisoning following an outbreak in Tunisia in 2020. All patients underwent a complete ophthalmological examination including visual fields, colour vision test and optical coherence tomography...

Retinoblastoma mortality associations with choroidal and optic nerve invasion

The authors present a retrospective cohort study. Data was extracted from the National Cancer Institute’s Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database, based in the US and founded in 1973. Cases of retinoblastoma were extracted using the inclusion criteria of...

Tocilizumab in Graves’ orbitopathy

This prospective European study looks at the response to tocilizumab in corticosteroid-resistant disease. Tocilizumab (TCZ) is a monoclonal antibody that competitively inhibits IL-6 binding to its receptor. Unlike teprotumumab, the advantage of TCZ is that it is already used within...

Complications of orbital cavernous venous malformation excision

This is a review of 290 patients who underwent excision of orbital cavernous venous malformations (OCVM) between 1970 and 2021, looking to identify the risk factors for a poor visual outcome following surgery. Intraconal lesions were classified as Group I,...