Effect of long-term RGP-CL wear on keratoconus progression

This is a retrospective study between April and December 2017, of 22 rigid gas-permeable contact lens (RGP-CL) patients (31 eyes) and 15 non-CL patients (20 eyes) who fulfilled the criteria of: 1) >3 years follow-up and 2) Scheimpflug-based corneal imaging...

Effect of long-term scleral contact lenses on corneal topography, tear film and impression cytology in keratoconus

This study of 16 keratoconus patients aimed to investigate the impact of long-term scleral contact lens (ScCL) wear on corneal curvature, corneal thickness, tear film function and ocular surface in patients with keratoconus. Corneal topography, tear osmolarity test, Schirmer 1...

Intraocular pressure changes following TOHM washout

This retrospective study between 2008 and 2019 of 110 eyes with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG), 33 eyes with ocular hypertension (OHT) and 43 eyes with uveitic glaucoma (UG) evaluated the changes in intraocular pressure (IOP) following topical ocular hypotensive...

A survey of neuro-ophthalmologists on use of corticosteroids in giant cell arteritis

While corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment in giant cell arteritis (GCA), the type, dose, route and duration of treatment remains controversial. The authors surveyed 180 neuro-ophthalmologists on their use of this treatment via email in a two-month period. Results...

A retrospective medical notes review in patients with poor vision due to NAION

Very severe visual loss (hand movements or less) is typical of arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AION) and relatively rare in non-arteritic AION (NAION). This study aimed to report the frequency of very poor visual acuity (VA) in NAION. The...

Long-standing flattening effects on the globe following spaceflight

Posterior globe flattening has been well-documented in astronauts both during and after long-duration spaceflight (LDSF). This globe flattening is thought to be due to the disc centred anterior forces created by elevated volume and / or pressure within the optic...

A case presentation of morning glory disc anomaly and peripapillary staphyloma

The purpose of this paper is to present a case of an 18-month-old girl initially presenting with strabismus. Fixation of the affected eye was intermittent with a relative afferent pupillary defect. A fundus photography of the affected left eye showed...

Differences between ages and onset in functional network changes associated with reading Braille

Visual impairment affects learning ability, speed and accuracy required for reading, writing and learning memory in terms of educational performance. Braille training requires decoding of simple dots into meaningful words and sentences. The objectives of this study were to evaluate...

Unusual case presentation of arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The authors present a single case of an 84-year-old man with arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, but with unusual features on temporal artery biopsy. He presented with a three-day history of sudden onset of loss of vision in his right...

Detection of post stroke visual impairment in variety of cohorts

The Impact of Visual Impairment after Stroke (IVIS) study introduced a standardised vision assessment protocol across three acute stroke units in the northwest of England, with a similar demographic population (predominantly white British). The study reported similar rates of visual...

Detailed overview of diplopia causes and outcomes for a single tertiary care centre

The purpose of this study was to study the aetiology, progression and outcome in patients with binocular diplopia presenting to the ophthalmology department of a tertiary care centre in India. The study had a prospective observational design where all patients...

Use of group consultations in the management of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) has risen by >100% between 2002 and 2016 in the UK, in association with rising obesity rates. This increasing incidence has inevitably led to increased pressures on service capacity. Evidence for other conditions...