Balancing early and late surgical intervention for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction

This retrospective study investigated the incidence of anisometropia and amblyopia by age of congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction (CNLDO) resolution. At Seattle children’s hospital, between 2007 and 2017, the outcomes of children with early versus late spontaneous resolution of CNLDO were...

Risk of pulled-in-two syndrome

Congenital fibrosis of the extraocular muscles (CFEOM) is along the risk factors for pulled-in-two syndrome (PITS). The aim of this study was to report six cases and discuss prevention and clinical management strategies. The author’s six cases represented an incidence...

Predictors for developing strabismus after paediatric cataract surgery

This study investigates the predictors for strabismus development in patients with paediatric cataract and their final visual acuity. The aim was to improve the treatment of both deprivation and strabismic amblyopia after surgery. The study included 46 children; 21 male,...

Neurogenic palsy due to COVID-19

The authors aimed to identify cases of neurogenic palsy in the presence of Covid-19 and document the patient characteristics, type of palsy and possible aetiologies. Case reports and case series were included in the search. Twenty-three articles were included with...

Early postoperative angle for prediction of surgical success for exotropia

In this study, the authors assessed the relationship between the initial postoperative deviation and surgical outcomes in adult exotropia undergoing unilateral lateral rectus recession with medial rectus resection. The study included 93 patients (51 female); 26 with residual exo, 53...

Use of Strabocheck to measure angle of deviation

Strabocheck (SK) is a free to access software and is a measurement of deviation angle based on the corneal light reflex in monocular and binocular photographs uploaded to the website. The purpose of this study was to evaluate SK in...

OCTA in diabetic macular oedema treated with intravitreal aflibercept (DOCTA Study)

Central vision loss due to diabetic macular oedema (DME) can be attributed not only to presence of the macular oedema itself but also, in some cases, to alterations of the foveal avascular zone (FAZ). The DOCTA trial was a longitudinal,...

All you need to know about PIC

This is a review article of punctate inner chorioretinopathy (PIC). The authors detail the epidemiology and clinic presentation of the disease. They recognise the challenge of an accurate diagnosis due to its resemblance to other posterior uveitic entities. Multimodal imaging...

The compendium to clinical evidence in DMO treatment

This review article summarises the current evidence base in the treatment options for diabetic macular oedema (DMO). The authors have included many real-world data studies that provided valuable insights into the optimal management of DMO. The authors argue that these...

Macular pigment in relatives of AMD patients

Blue light causes photo-oxidative retinal injury and macular pigment (MP), with lutein, zeaxanthin and mesozeaxanthin as the main components, as a filter that protects the macula from this damage. Previous studies indicated that low levels of macular pigment optical density...

The potential of artificial intelligence and digital health in global eye health

This article provides an overview of the current landscape of artificial intelligence (AI) and digital health in global eye health. Tan, et al. note that though significant progress has been made in global eye health over the last few decades,...

Genetics counsellors in inherited retinal disease clinics

This is a questionnaire-based study from the USA of genetics counsellors with a primary role working within ophthalmology services. The purpose was to investigate the roles currently undertaken, to assess workload, and to acquire data on the experience of genetics...