Objective vs. subjective torsion measures

This study aimed to explore the relationship between subjective and objective torsion in normal individuals with no manifest strabismus. The study included 118 eyes of 59 normal people aged >15 years using Heidelberg OCT and the Torsionometer. There were 27...

Needling procedure for failed bleb

The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of needling with 5-FU after failed filtering procedures in the paediatric population. This was a retrospective review of 324 filtration surgeries in 265 children with 55 eyes (16.9%) undergoing needling...

IOL power calculation accuracy in childhood cataract surgery

Refractive outcomes in eyes after vitrectomy vary as the timing of cataract surgery may influence the outcome when done as staged surgery after vitreoretinal (VR) surgery or at the same time as VR surgery. The authors aimed to determine the...

Visual acuity conversion to digital acuity

The author proposes a basic set of evidence-based digital acuities for alpha vision to facilitate formatting of visual acuity data uniformly. This work was informed by a review of the literature. A full table provides US and international classification of...

Clinical outcomes of endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy

The aim of this study was to report the authors’ experience with endoscopic dacryocystorhinostomy (ED) in a paediatric population and to evaluate the effect of surgical site reassessment on anatomy and clinical outcomes. The study included 47 children <18 years...

Spot screen versus cycloplegic refraction

This study compared the spherical, cylindrical and spherical equivalent values obtained by the Spot screener before and after induction of cycloplegia with the values of cycloplegic refraction to explore the application value of the Spot screener in refractive error screening...

RCT of VR training versus occlusion for amblyopia

The purpose of this study was to compare the visual outcomes of occlusion with game playing through a virtual reality (VR) system in children with unilateral amblyopia. The study was undertaken at the Negah Eye Hospital in Iran. This was...

Differential diagnosis of retinoblastoma and pseudo retinoblastoma

The authors reviewed the rate of pseudo retinoblastoma (PRB) among cases referred for suspicion of RB at a tertiary referral centre in Turkey and the distribution of PRB cases according to age. This was a retrospective study of 549 patients...

Questionable ERG use for Vigabatrin screening

The authors aimed to identify the usefulness of electroretinograms (ERGs) as screening for retinal toxicity in patients taking Vigabatrin in a single centre study. This was a retrospective review of full field ERGs and included 170 ERGs of 138 patients...

Key research and practical information to inform INS care

This ‘tutorial’ format paper aims to translate key research findings and conclusions into practical terms, discuss their clinical utility and introduce a new clinical method that accurately measures the static visual deficits in infantile nystagmus (INS), predicts the improvements that...

Outcomes after surgical excision of limbal dermoid

The authors aimed to report the visual and refractive outcomes and complications of simple excision of limbal dermoid (LD) sparing the visual axis and Descemet’s membrane in children aged ≤8 years. This was a retrospective review over 2000-2019 including 19...

Association of subconjunctival haemorrhage with non-accidental injury

This study assessed the frequency and nature of diagnostic work-ups in infants with subconjunctival haemorrhage (SCH), the incidence of occult injuries among these patients and the factors that may have influenced the work-up. This was a retrospective secondary analysis of...