Diagnostic error rates for ROP detection by trainee ophthalmologists

The purpose of this study was to characterise common errors in ROP diagnosis by ophthalmologists-in-training in the USA and Canada. Case acquisition was from a web-based system used for ROP assessment from which 20 cases were selected. Fifty-five trainees from...

Saccades and contrast sensitivity in retinoblastoma survivors

The authors report a cross-sectional study, which recruited children aged 5 to 18 years old who completed treatment completion for retinoblastoma more than six months ago. Exclusion criteria included bilateral enucleation and pre-existing conditions associated with cognitive impairment. A total...

Children’s visual acuity test without professional supervision

With increasing outpatient demand there has been an innovative shift to involve patients managing their own condition. This article compares visual testing carried out by an orthoptist with usual clinical methods, an orthoptist using the iSIGHT Test Pro and a...

Ophthalmic findings following noticeable external injury following forceps delivery

This study prospectively recruited consecutive women following a forceps vaginal delivery of a single foetus in cephalic position over a two-year period. Individual patient consent was waived by the approving body. The neonates received a paediatrician assessment soon after birth....

Diagnostic error rates for ROP detection by trainee ophthalmologist in middle-income countries

The purpose of this study was to describe errors in ROP diagnosis made by ophthalmologists-in-training from programmes in middle-income countries including Brazil, the Philippines and Mexico who participated in a tele-education programme. Trainees were tested on 20 cases from a...

Overview of issues with provision of paediatric ophthalmology care

Previous reports have summarised a consistent decline in paediatric ophthalmology over the past 20 years with significant differences in mean salary compensation for paediatric ophthalmologists vs. other ophthalmology subspecialties. Many subsidise income by other non-paediatric work or retire early. With...

Importance of vision input to postural stability

This literature review was undertaken to overview postural stability in strabismus and amblyopia. Postural stability is a complex skill that coordinates dynamic sensory mechanisms to facilitate sustained balance. The review discusses critical roles of vision in postural stability, e.g. postural...

Laser speckle contrast imaging (LSCI) enables perfusion monitoring of the anterior segment during strabismus surgery: a study on the horizontal rectus muscles

Forty-four eyes with horizontal strabismus surgery involving medial and / or lateral rectus muscle detachment were recruited. The perfusion in the adjacent paralimbal and iris tissue was monitored with LSCI technique, by using a PeriCam PSI NR System. An infrared...

Diagnosis and management of paediatric keratoconus

This article reviews the current literature on paediatric keratoconus diagnosis and management. Paediatric cases pose challenges as they may not vocalise unilateral changes, difficulty in obtaining reliable imaging, faster rates of progression, difficultly with contact lenses and presumed worse outcomes...

Risk factors and management for postoperative complications in strabismus surgery

This retrospective cohort study examined 1273 patients, comprising 1035 cases of exotropia and 238 cases of esotropia, with a minimum 18-month follow-up after strabismus surgery. Baseline demographics, age at surgery, pre / postoperative visual acuity, and deviation were included. Complications...

Association of Demodex with chalazion

The authors aimed to investigate the prevalence and load of Demadex mites in 143 cases, comprising 41 boys and 60 girls with paediatric chalazion (mean age 2.91 ±1.96 years) and 27 control boys and 15 control girls (mean age 4.71...

EEG changes following use of cyclopentolate 1% eye drops

Cycloplegic eye drops may affect the central nervous system. This study reports electroencephalogram (EEG) changes in a cohort of 6–15-year-old children. EEG recordings were taken after placebo and two doses of cyclopentolate 1% in 24 awake children (36 children had...