Pilot trial of virtual reality to treat amblyopia beyond the age of seven years

A pilot double-blind randomised controlled trial is presented. Patients were required to be between seven and 38 years of age, have a diagnosis of anisometropic and / or strabismus unilateral amblyopia, visual acuity in the amblyopic eye between 0.3-1.0 LogMAR...

Traumatic macular holes: reconstructive changes in foveal microstructures and visual predictor analysis, following surgical repair

The purpose of this paper was to investigate the reconstructive changes in foveal microstructures postoperatively and analyse the visual predictors in eyes with surgically closed traumatic macular holes (TMHs). This retrospective study analysed the data collected from 71 eyes of...

Retinal findings in COVID-19 patients

This is a single centre cross-sectional study from Brazil between 20 to 23 May 2020, with a total of 18 patients; nine male and median age was 62.5-years-old. 10/18 (55.6%) had retina abnormalities upon dilated eye examination. Flame-shaped haemorrhages were...

Cystoid macular oedema following retinal detachment surgery

There are limited studies examining the incidence and risk factors for postoperative cystoid macular oedema (CMO) following rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair. Postoperative CMO is thought to be due to pro-inflammatory state, where numerous cytokines lead to tight junction dysfunction,...

Foveal displacement after macular hole surgery

Previous studies show that internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling during macular hole surgery is associated with retinal shrinkage (microtubule depolymerization of the axons of the inner retina) and nasal shift of the fovea. A temporal inverted ILM flap technique was...

Does lower eyelid entropion repair alter corneal topography?

The authors aimed to analyse the corneal morphology before and after advancement of posterior lower eyelid retractors (LERs) alone or in combination with a lateral tarsal strip (LTS) for lower eyelid involutional entropion. Retrospective analysis of 24 consecutive elderly patients...

Amniotic membrane transplantation for SJS/TEN

This is a retrospective study of consecutive patients who underwent amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT) in the acute stage of Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) / toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN) from Toronto, Canada, between 2009 and 2018 and had more than three months...

A novel approach to suprachoroidal haemorrhage drainage

The authors describe a novel surgical technique for external drainage of choroidal detachment / suprachoroidal haemorrhage with a butterfly needle. Six eyes with serous and / or haemorrhagic choroidal detachments (five from complicated cataract surgery with vitreous loss, one globe...

Factors influencing the outcome of GT and TBT in PCG

This is a retrospective study between 2013 to 2016 of 452 eyes of patients </=12 years with primary congenital glaucoma (PCG), who underwent either goniotomy (GT) (median age: six months, 120 eyes) or trabeculotomy (TBT) (median age: 5.2 months, 332...

Long-term use of botulinum toxin for hemifacial spasm and blepharospasm

The authors conducted a retrospective review of clinical / procedure documentation for consecutive blepharospasm (BEB) and hemifacial spasm (HFS) patients undergoing treatment with onabotulinum toxin A (Botox) in one clinic setting over the past 20 years. They report on the...

Case reports of ‘ictal lid saccades’ and ‘ictal blinks’

The authors present two cases of lid movements with discrete physiology and propose the terms ‘ictal lid saccades’ and ‘ictal blink’ to describe the movements seen. These two types of lid movement, blinks and saccades, have discrete kinematic properties and...

Lagophthalmos as a potential complication of COVID-19

Lagophthalmos is a condition associated with the inability to close the eyelids effectively, with the main cause being facial nerve palsy. The authors aimed to investigate whether lagophthalmos was associated with coronavirus infection (COVID-19) by comparing patients diagnosed with lagophthalmos...