Pupil responses in diabetes

This study aimed to investigate pupillary involvement in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM) and to evaluate any relationship between severity of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and pupillary responses. Participants included 133 individuals in four groups: proliferative DR (n=21), non-proliferative...

Nicotine accelerates diabetes induced retinal changes

This study investigated the influence of nicotine in an experimentally induced diabetic rat model. They used non-invasive high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging to provide quantitative information on the temporal alterations of retinal structures at the micrometer resolution...