Correlation of parent observations vs. clinical measures of exotropia

The purpose of this study was to compare the parental observations with the clinical evaluation findings in paediatric patients with intermittent exotropia and to determine the clinical factors associated with the parental observations. The study included 100 parents of 95...

Effect of low-dose atropine on myopia progression

A randomised study to evaluate the effects of 0.01% and 0.02% atropine eye drops (one drop once nightly to both eyes) on myopic progression, pupil diameter and accommodative amplitude in myopic patients. Four hundred myopic children were divided into three...

Secondary glaucoma post paediatric cataract surgery

This retrospective observational consecutive case series assessed the incidence and risk factors associated with developing glaucoma after paediatric cataract surgery with primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation. They reviewed 136 children (199 eyes) who underwent paediatric cataract surgery before the age...

Retinoblastoma in older children

Retinoblastoma is the most common ophthalmic malignancy in childhood and over 90% are diagnosed before the age of five years. It is not often suspected in older children given its rarity and unusual clinical findings which complicates the diagnosis. The...

Ophthalmology practice during COVID-19

The purpose of this study was to share the experiences in treating paediatric ophthalmology patients during the pandemic and to report institution guidelines. A flowchart was devised for telephone triage and subsequent follow-up of patients through telemedicine or face to...

Refractive changes over time for fully accom esotropia

The purpose of this study was to determine refractive error changes across time and to define factors contributing to decompensation in patients with fully accomodative esotropia (FAET). This was a retrospective study of 223 patients with a mean age at...

Retinoblastoma risk factors for recurrence

This study evaluates risk factors for local tumour recurrence of main solid tumour, subretinal seed, vitreous seed and new tumour formation in eyes with retinoblastoma (RB) management with primary chemotherapy over 20 years of follow-up. The study included 960 eyes...

Resident versus supervising surgeon differences

The purpose of this study was to compare surgical operating times and complication rates in strabismus surgery undertaken by one attending surgeon versus 10 supervised residents (most first year). Operating time was a mean of 35.5 ±6 minutes for residents...

Microperimetry measurements in anisometropic amblyopia

The authors aimed to evaluate retinal sensitivity and fixation characteristics in children with anisometropic amblyopia by macular analyser integrity assessment (MAIA) microperimetry and to compare the results between amblyopia and fellow eyes. The study included 39 children; 21 female –...

Mobile phone use with esotropia development

This study analysed clinical characteristics and surgical outcomes in patients with acquired comitant esotropia (ACET) and determined the prevalence of excessive mobile touch screen device use in these patients. This was a retrospective study of 35 patients of which three...

Greater accuracy of cycloplegic refraction

The authors conducted this study on 5320 pre-school (four to six-year-old) and 6475 school (seven to ten years) children to compare the results of final glasses prescription based on cycloplegic refraction with atropine to those of non-cycloplegic refraction. For younger...

IOL effect on refraction

The authors aimed to evaluate the effect of age at primary intraocular lens (IOL) implantation on the rate of refractive growth during childhood. This was a retrospective study of 296 eyes of 219 patients. Forty-six met inclusion criteria; 28 unilateral...