Ocular ischaemic syndrome in a rat model

Ocular Ischaemic syndrome is a devastating eye disease caused by severe carotid stenosis. This study’s purpose was to develop a reliable rat model for this syndrome by subjecting rats to common carotid artery occlusion and sham surgery. Rats were assigned...

Early intraocular complications of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage

The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of a whole spectrum of early intraocular complications in patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and to identify factors that are potentially associated with these fundus findings. In total...

Diagnostic procedures in vitreoretinal lymphoma.

This paper presented a retrospective review of medical records of HIV negative immunocompetent patients diagnosed with vitreoretinal lymphoma between 1994 and 2012. The aim of the paper was to evaluate the type and number of diagnostic interventions required to confirm...

Akimba mice, a model of human diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a major complication of diabetes and a growing problem as the systemic disease becomes more prevalent. DR develops insidiously from an asymptomatic form through to vascular damage that leads to oedema and breakdown of the blood-retinal...

Early surgery for epiretinal membrane

This was a retrospective case review study in 120 consecutive patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane. The average patient age was 72 years with a mean follow-up of 6.5 months. Inclusion criteria consisted of symptomatic patients with visual acuity of 1.0...

Correlation between structural and functional status of optic nerve and retina in multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) involves autoimmune inflammatory demyelination and axonal degeneration in the central nervous system. Investigation of the retina and optic nerve head (ONH) is an ideal way to visualise this demyelination. This study investigates the functional and structural properties...

Acute retinal necrosis: an Indian experience

The authors of this retrospective study aimed to provide clinical outcomes in 62 eyes of 53 patients presenting with acute retinal necrosis. All eyes received intravenous acyclovir (10mg/kg tds) for 7-10 days followed by oral antiviral therapy (valaciclovir 1g tds...

Spectral domain OCT vs. confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope in measuring RNFL thickness

The aim of this prospective study was to compare the retinal nerve fibre layer thickness (RNFL) measurements obtained from the Cirrus optical coherence tomography (spectral domain OCT) with the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph 3 (HRT3, confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope). Eighty-eight normal...

New mouse model of diabetes mellitus

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious complication of diabetes. It is driven by the loss of pericytes, cells which control vascular function, due to excess formation of sugar alcohols by the enzyme aldose reductase (AR). AR has been shown to...

Ocular characteristics in Marfan syndrome

Marfan syndrome (MFS) is a genetic disorder with clinical manifestations associated with cardiovascular, ocular and skeletal organ systems. Typical signs are descending aortic root aneurysms, ectopia lentis, tall stature and scoliosis. This observational study looked at the ocular characteristics, visual...

Density of cataract and its influence on retinal nerve fibre layer thickness

The aim of this study was to further define and model the influence of cataract on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) image quality and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness measurements. OCT quality is influenced by opacities in the...