Nicotine accelerates diabetes induced retinal changes

This study investigated the influence of nicotine in an experimentally induced diabetic rat model. They used non-invasive high-resolution spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) imaging to provide quantitative information on the temporal alterations of retinal structures at the micrometer resolution...

Are retinal vein occlusions seasonal? And if so why might that be?

Some studies have reported a strong seasonal pattern to central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) occurrence with a peak in January, but other studies have failed to replicate this finding. The authors sought to determine data for Stockholm’s seasonal variation in...

Retinal blood flow changes in glaucoma

This study examined the changes in retinal blood flow and vessel diameter after IOP reduction in high- and low-pressure glaucoma; exfoliation glaucoma (ExG) and normal-tension glaucoma (NTG). Glaucoma progression is seen at times in eyes despite IOP reduction and changes...

A rare case of post-traumatic central retinal artery occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion is rarely associated with traumatic optic neuropathy, this case report details of one such case. The reported case is of a ten-year-old boy presenting after a fall from height with loss of vision in one eye....

Ocular ischaemic syndrome in a rat model

Ocular Ischaemic syndrome is a devastating eye disease caused by severe carotid stenosis. This study’s purpose was to develop a reliable rat model for this syndrome by subjecting rats to common carotid artery occlusion and sham surgery. Rats were assigned...

Early intraocular complications of aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage

The aim of this study was to estimate the incidence of a whole spectrum of early intraocular complications in patients suffering from aneurysmal subarachnoid haemorrhage (SAH) and to identify factors that are potentially associated with these fundus findings. In total...

Diagnostic procedures in vitreoretinal lymphoma.

This paper presented a retrospective review of medical records of HIV negative immunocompetent patients diagnosed with vitreoretinal lymphoma between 1994 and 2012. The aim of the paper was to evaluate the type and number of diagnostic interventions required to confirm...

Akimba mice, a model of human diabetic retinopathy

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a major complication of diabetes and a growing problem as the systemic disease becomes more prevalent. DR develops insidiously from an asymptomatic form through to vascular damage that leads to oedema and breakdown of the blood-retinal...

Early surgery for epiretinal membrane

This was a retrospective case review study in 120 consecutive patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane. The average patient age was 72 years with a mean follow-up of 6.5 months. Inclusion criteria consisted of symptomatic patients with visual acuity of 1.0...

Correlation between structural and functional status of optic nerve and retina in multiple sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis (MS) involves autoimmune inflammatory demyelination and axonal degeneration in the central nervous system. Investigation of the retina and optic nerve head (ONH) is an ideal way to visualise this demyelination. This study investigates the functional and structural properties...

Acute retinal necrosis: an Indian experience

The authors of this retrospective study aimed to provide clinical outcomes in 62 eyes of 53 patients presenting with acute retinal necrosis. All eyes received intravenous acyclovir (10mg/kg tds) for 7-10 days followed by oral antiviral therapy (valaciclovir 1g tds...

Spectral domain OCT vs. confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope in measuring RNFL thickness

The aim of this prospective study was to compare the retinal nerve fibre layer thickness (RNFL) measurements obtained from the Cirrus optical coherence tomography (spectral domain OCT) with the Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph 3 (HRT3, confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscope). Eighty-eight normal...