Characteristics of age-related distance esotropia

The primary aim of this study was to describe clinical characteristics and natural history of age-related distance esotropia (ARDET) within an adult cohort over a 20-year period. This was a retrospective review of 73 patients from 751 with adult onset...

Review of bupivacaine use in treatment of strabismus

This review aimed to assess the applications of bupivacaine (B) in the non-surgical treatment of strabismus in human and animal studies. Animal studies show that singly-innervated fibres with low concentrations of mitochondria and developed sarcoplasmic reticulum are more affected by...

Case report review of children with septo-optic dysplasia and optic nerve hypoplasia

Septo-optic dysplasia (SOD) and optic nerve hypoplasia (ONH) cause congenital visual impairment. Their aetiology is mostly unknown. The authors aim was to investigate the prevalence of specified ophthalmological features in patients with these disorders. These features included impaired visual acuity,...

Treatment of amblyopia by Ghanaian optometrists

In Ghana, optometrists are the primary eyecare professional as a first contact for many patients with amblyopia. This study evaluated practice patterns in the management of amblyopia by optometrists in Ghana. The authors conducted a cross-sectional online survey aimed at...

Literature review on the use of bupivacaine for strabismus management

The purpose of this study was to examine the overall efficacy of bupivacaine (BPX) when used in isolation for the treatment of strabismus. This was a literature review from 1980 to 2021. The search identified 196 papers of which eight...

Complications of limbal stay sutures

There is limited literature describing complications at the limbal suture site. The authors describe two cases with postoperative complications due to use of intraoperative limbal stay sutures. Each case had strabismus surgery at other centres but with presentation to the...

Factors associated with seeking delayed strabismus surgery

The purpose of this study was to investigate the main reasons for delay in strabismus surgery and assess patients’ motivations to undergo strabismus surgery in adulthood. This was a prospective study in the Republic of Moldova of 91 patients with...

OCT findings after strabismus surgery for macular, choroidal and nerve fibre thickness

This study used OCT to investigate the changes in the central macular thickness, subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) and retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) after horizontal rectus surgery for patients with strabismus. This was a retrospective study and patients were grouped...

Corneal dellen following strabismus surgery

This study aimed to evaluate the frequency of corneal dellen (CD) development, the healing process and associated factors that affect the development and healing of CD formation after strabismus surgery. This study retrospectively reviewed 1264 eyes of 714 patients from...

Detection of SO tendon abnormality versus atrophy

This study aimed to evaluate patterns of binocular misalignment in primary gaze, lateral and vertical gaze, and head tilt in patients showing head-tilt dependent hypertropia associated with discontinued superior oblique (SO) tendon but without SO muscle atrophy, versus patients with...

Hess vs. Harms vs. PCT measurements

This study aimed to compare the results of the different tests in 36 strabismus patients and 18 healthy controls aged 6-81 years. Tests included alternate prism cover test, Hess screen and Harms screen. Because of glasses restrictions with the Harms...

Diplopia after cataract surgery – risk factors

The risk factors for binocular diplopia after uncomplicated cataract surgery in adults were studied to analyse the patterns of ocular motility and clinical causes. This was a retrospective review of 40 patients; 25 female. Onset of diplopia was at a...