Age and prevalence of amblyopia in Ghana

The overall aim of this study was to determine the pattern and prevalence of amblyopia and assess the treatment options used in a rural hospital in Ghana. The authors conducted a retrospective study from 2014-2018. Of 12,860 clinical records, 12,602...

Partial recession surgery for small angle vertical strabismus

The objective of this study was to assess the results of partial recessions of the vertical rectus muscles in patients with diplopia and small angle vertical strabismus. This was a retrospective study of partial temporal or nasal recession from one...

Topical anaesthetic strabismus surgery

This prospective observation study was undertaken with 16 symptomatic diplopia patients (15 male, one female) from various causes. All underwent single stage adjustable strabismus surgery (SSASS) under topical anaesthesia. Mean age was 28.12 years (range 19-65) and all had a...

V pattern surgery

Inferior oblique (IO) muscle belly transposition involves fixing the belly of the IO to the sclera at 5mm posterior to the temporal insertion of the inferior rectus (IR). This study reports the clinical outcomes of bilateral surgery to treat V...

Surgery to collapse V exo

This paper describes a case report of an extra-large V pattern measuring >60PD and the surgery required to collapse the pattern. The patient was a female aged 20 years. Angle measurements were 70PD at distance and 75PD at near in...

Surgical outcomes of isolated medial rectus palsy

Isolated medial rectus is a rare clinical entity. This prospective study of 32 patients from China showed that this was caused most commonly by iatrogenic injury (43.75%), trauma (37.50%) and congenital (18.75%) causes. An average of 60 ±25 prism dioptres...

Brain abnormality as risk factor for consecutive exotropia

The authors evaluated and compared the cerebral MRI findings in operated infantile esotropia cases with and without consecutive exotropia. This was a retrospective study of 28 patients. Group 1 had 17 cases of consecutive exotropia with a mean follow-up of...

Surgical outcome for cyclic strabismus

The aim of this study was to report the outcome of surgical treatment in a series of seven cases of paediatric cyclic strabismus. This was a retrospective study of children with surgical treatment for the manifest cyclic deviation. Six children...

En coup de sabre scar and strabismus

This is a case report of an eight-year-old child with gradual progressive strabismus (esotropia and hypotropia) from the age of five years. The angle measured >45 degrees esotropia and 10 degrees hypotropia. There was a depressed linear-localised scar over the...

Combined recession surgery with Bupivacaine injection

The aim of this study was to evaluate the amount of correction of sensory strabismus with Bupivacaine injection combined with antagonist muscle recession. This was a prospective study of nine patients aged 43.5 ±12.3 years; six males and three females....

Medial rectus recession for Mobius sequence

The authors reviewed the long-term outcomes of medial rectus (MR) recession alone for Mobius sequence. This was a retrospective review. Surgery involved recession of 4-6.5mm plus inferior transposition if needed for V pattern. Success was defined as within 8PD of...

Global prevalence of strabismus

With a need for relevant information to design plans for screening, early diagnosis and timely management, the aim of this study was to present a systematic review of the sources to provide an estimate of the global prevalence of strabismus...