Improving reading of fundus photographs in an emergency setting

The first phases of the FOTO-ED study found that emergency providers perform significantly better with fundus photography than with direct ophthalmoscopy in the detection of fundus abnormalities. The authors hypothesised that by providing additional training to emergency providers, this would...

A case report showing the natural history of papilloedema

The case report describes a 54-year-old woman who developed increased intracranial hypertension due to chronic dural venous sinus thrombosis in the absence of any significant comorbidity. In the years preceding diagnosis, the patient underwent routine diabetic retinopathy screening; however, gradual...

Features of Behcet’s disease

This is a retrospective single centre study from Paris, France, between the periods of 1986 to 2015. Twenty-nine out of 217 (13.3%) neuro-Behcet’s disease (NBD) patients presented with neuro-ophthalmic manifestations (55% of men and mean age of 28 years). Sixteen...

Prediction of visual outcome in IIH

In this prospective study, visual outcome of 40 patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) was compared with clinical and neuro-ophthalmic parameters. The purpose of this was to determine any correlation to try and predict visual outcome for IIH patients. Parameters...

Is exenteration helpful in invasive fungal sinusitis?

Invasive fungal sinusitis is a potentially lethal disease that causes painful orbital apex syndrome with ophthalmoplegia and visual loss. The mechanism of ophthalmoplegia and visual loss is not clear, and neither is the role of radical surgery-orbital exenteration. The authors...

Two illustrative cases of AZOOR

The authors present two illustrative cases of acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR) which causes acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement. The disease is characterised by sudden loss of outer retinal function associated with photopsia, with minimal or no fundoscopic changes...

Differences in elastometry of cornea and optic nerve head in both eyes of patients with NAION

Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is an important cause of visual loss in the middle aged and elderly population. This prospective cross-sectional study investigates the biomechanical properties of optic nerve head (ONH) and cornea in both eyes of patients...

A rare case of oculomotor nerve palsy from presumed cavernous angioma

Cavernous angiomas of the cranial nerves are extremely rare, and those of the oculomotor (third) nerve are rarer still. The authors present a single case study of presumed cavernous angioma involving the subarachnoid portion of the left third nerve, which...

EP in a case of abducens nerve palsy

Ecchordosis physaliphora (EP) is a rare non-malignant mass that originates from remains of the notochord and is typically asymptomatic. Symptomatic cases are extremely rare, and the majority are managed by surgical resection. This case study reports a 42-year-old male who...

Hormonal contraceptives and IIH

This multicentre retrospective population based case control study investigated whether there was a higher incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in those patients taking oral contraceptive pills (OCP) and other hormonal contraceptives. Fifty-three women were diagnosed with IIH between Jan...

Aberrant regeneration rates following traumatic oculomotor palsy

Traumatic oculomotor nerve palsies can result in aberrant regeneration / synkinesis which impairs normal facial function. In this paper, the authors retrospectively reviewed the records of 16 patients with traumatic oculomotor nerve palsies who were treated with or without steroids....

Using a pupillometer to confirm presence of RAPD in post stroke homonymous hemianopia

It has been reported that relative afferent pupillary defects (RAPDs) may be present in patients with occipital lobe lesions. However, a small contralateral RAPD due to a difference in the crossed and uncrossed fibres can be difficult to detect using...