A survey of neuro-ophthalmologists on use of corticosteroids in giant cell arteritis

While corticosteroids are the mainstay of treatment in giant cell arteritis (GCA), the type, dose, route and duration of treatment remains controversial. The authors surveyed 180 neuro-ophthalmologists on their use of this treatment via email in a two-month period. Results...

A retrospective medical notes review in patients with poor vision due to NAION

Very severe visual loss (hand movements or less) is typical of arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (AION) and relatively rare in non-arteritic AION (NAION). This study aimed to report the frequency of very poor visual acuity (VA) in NAION. The...

Long-standing flattening effects on the globe following spaceflight

Posterior globe flattening has been well-documented in astronauts both during and after long-duration spaceflight (LDSF). This globe flattening is thought to be due to the disc centred anterior forces created by elevated volume and / or pressure within the optic...

A case presentation of morning glory disc anomaly and peripapillary staphyloma

The purpose of this paper is to present a case of an 18-month-old girl initially presenting with strabismus. Fixation of the affected eye was intermittent with a relative afferent pupillary defect. A fundus photography of the affected left eye showed...

Differences between ages and onset in functional network changes associated with reading Braille

Visual impairment affects learning ability, speed and accuracy required for reading, writing and learning memory in terms of educational performance. Braille training requires decoding of simple dots into meaningful words and sentences. The objectives of this study were to evaluate...

Unusual case presentation of arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The authors present a single case of an 84-year-old man with arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy, but with unusual features on temporal artery biopsy. He presented with a three-day history of sudden onset of loss of vision in his right...

Detection of post stroke visual impairment in variety of cohorts

The Impact of Visual Impairment after Stroke (IVIS) study introduced a standardised vision assessment protocol across three acute stroke units in the northwest of England, with a similar demographic population (predominantly white British). The study reported similar rates of visual...

Detailed overview of diplopia causes and outcomes for a single tertiary care centre

The purpose of this study was to study the aetiology, progression and outcome in patients with binocular diplopia presenting to the ophthalmology department of a tertiary care centre in India. The study had a prospective observational design where all patients...

Use of group consultations in the management of idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) has risen by >100% between 2002 and 2016 in the UK, in association with rising obesity rates. This increasing incidence has inevitably led to increased pressures on service capacity. Evidence for other conditions...

ROPPVAL Syndrome as a differential diagnosis to optic neuritis

Optic neuritis (ON) is a common cause of visual loss in young patients. Patients with eye pain and ipsilateral visual loss are often referred into neuro-ophthalmology clinics with a possible diagnosis of ON. In 2018 Jefferis et al. reported a...

Using lumbar puncture as a diagnostic tool of IIH when the presentation is typical

The authors present the findings of a retrospective observational chart review across three neuro-ophthalmology clinics. Databases at each clinic were searched using inclusion criteria based on established diagnostic criteria for idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). Cases with missing data, atypical findings...

Can retinal layer thickness predict the progression of disability in MS?

This is an observational retrospective cohort study presenting the data of 188 patient diagnoses with multiple sclerosis at two specialist centres. All included patients were adults below the age of 70 years, stable on their disease modifying treatment for at...