AC/A measurement differences

The authors sought to investigate differences in stimulus accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) ratio using various techniques and accommodative stimuli. The study included 81 orthoptic students; 15 males and 66 females with a mean age of 21 years ±1. Ocular deviation was...

IINS function

This study explored the impact of idiopathic infantile nystagmus syndrome (IINS) on quality of life in adults measured using the VFQ25 questionnaire. Of 38 subjects, 35 completed the questionnaire. Mean age was 35.1±13.0 years; 15 were British Caucasian and 14...

BT for convergence spasm

The aim of this study was to analyse the response of a cohort of patients with convergence spasm to the injection of botulinum toxin (BT) in the medial rectus muscle. This was a retrospective study of six patients with a...

Impact of preop occlusion on surgical outcome

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of improved control with part-time occlusion treatment on the final postoperative surgical outcome in patients with intermittent exotropia. Eighty-nine patients were recruited who had unilateral lateral rectus recess / reset...

Modification of surgery to reduce consecutive ET

Surgical treatment for recurrent exotropia (ET) predominantly depends on the primary surgery. Modification of surgical dose may be required in secondary procedures. The aim of this study was to compare surgical outcomes of modified and conventional secondary surgery using lateral...

DVD angle measurements

Surgical treatment for recurrent exotropia (ET) predominantly depends on the primary surgery. Modification of surgical dose may be required in secondary procedures. The aim of this study was to compare surgical outcomes of modified and conventional secondary surgery using lateral...

Sagging eye syndrome surgery

This retrospective study evaluated outcomes of surgery for patients with sagging eye syndrome (SES) from 1994 to 2014, to determine recurrence rates of strabismus. The study identified 103 cases; 93 requiring surgery for symptomatic small angle strabismus and 10 requiring...

Contact lenses for adults with infantile nystagmus

A pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted to determine recruitment rates, acceptability of and adherence to treatment and adverse events along with change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and nystagmus parameters from baseline to two weeks follow-up. The...

Corpus callosum in infantile esotropia

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) imaging was undertaken with four infantile esotropia (IE) patients and nine controls. All with IE showed an asymmetrical distribution of callosal fibres when comparing two hemispheres. Many fibres terminated near the tips of the occipital cortices....

Angle of deviation measurements in seated and supine positions

The objectives of this study were to compare ocular deviation between the seated and decubitus positions in the operating room and assess the outcomes at one day, one month and three months postoperatively. This prospective study included 30 cases; two...

Knobby eye syndrome

This study used high resolution MRI to demonstrate and evaluate globe shape in axial high myopia and identify and characterise those with prominent equatorial staphylomata that deflect extraocular muscle paths and presumably alter motility patterns in strabismus. The study included...

IO over action surgery

This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the two surgical methods on the correction of inferior oblique over action (IOOA). This was a retrospective study of 99 eyes of 56 patients; 47 myectomy and 52 anterior transposition procedures. Mean...