Use of bovine pericardium for tendon elongation

A retrospective analysis was conducted on all patients treated in one centre with tendon elongation using bovine pericardium (BP) to examine outcomes and long-term safety. The study included 60 patients; 27 unilateral and 33 bilateral cases. Follow-up of one to...

TED vertical strabismus surgery

This study reports the surgical experience with superior or inferior rectus resection to correct vertical strabismus associated with thyroid eye disease (TED). The study included eight female euthyroid patients (nine muscles) with mean age at surgery of 65±8.9 years and...

Anterior segment ischaemia (ASI) risk in 3-muscle surgery

The aim of this study was to calculate the risk of clinically evident ASI following simultaneous 3-rectus muscle surgery and safety profile of the same in a relatively large number of patients from a single tertiary care centre. This was...

Consecutive exotropia features

This study sought to detect abnormal scleral attachment with comparison of histopathological findings in consecutive exotropia. The study also considered the success rate of medial rectus resection and advancement, dose response and evaluate potential preoperative factors that might indicate presence...

Surgery for lost inferior rectus muscle

This prospective study evaluated the impact of simultaneous ipsilateral superior rectus (SR) recession and superior rectus (IO) anterior transposition on the primary position alignment in six patients with traumatic loss of the inferior rectus (IR) muscle. Five males and one...

Strabismus and surgery impacts on reading

The authors compared eye movement performance during reading in strabismic children without amblyopia and in non-strabismic age-matched children in addition to evaluation of potential effect of strabismus surgery. They studied nine children aged 11-15 years; mean 12.9±0.6 years. Ten healthy...

Prism adaptation outcomes in convergence excess esotropia

This study reports the changes to angle of deviation following prism adaptation in a group of 58 patients with convergence excess esotropia and their surgical outcomes. Age at prism adaptation was 7.2 (SD1.82) years. One child refused prisms and two...

Iranian values for childhood convergence

The authors aimed to determine near point of convergence (NPC) values in a population-based study in Iranian schoolchildren with a large sample size. They explored its relation to factors such as age, gender, refractive error and near point of accommodation....

Ocular neuromyotonia features

The authors present eight cases of ocular neuromyotonia (ONM) with an overview of the pathophysiology, aetiology, clinical presentations and possible treatments. Diagnosis was made only after thorough and repeated orthoptic examinations and review of medication history. An overview of the...

Microtropia as an amblyopia indicator

This study was undertaken to determine if microtropia with identity (straight eye anisometropia) is a reliable indicator of amblyopia following optical correction. This was a retrospective review of 532 children aged four to five years. After two months of glasses...

Nishida procedure for VIcnp

This study reports results in treatment of complete sixth nerve palsy (VIcnp) by modified Hummelscheim (Nishida’s) procedure; vertical muscle halves after splitting were secured with anchoring sutures to the sclera with anchoring of only the temporal muscle margins to the...

Long-term outcomes of surgery for vertical head posture

The authors report long-term follow-up of a series of seven patients with nystagmus and chin up or chin down head posture that underwent vertical extraocular muscle (EOM) surgery. Mean age at surgery was 56 months (19-96 months). All had horizontal...