Smartphone use and its effects on eyes

Longitudinal pilot study on 12 young healthy adults comparing effects of smartphone use over a 60-minute period. Reading conditions and smartphone use was standardised for all participants. Ocular symptoms, tear function and binocular vision were assessed before and after each...

Corneal crosslinking in pellucid marginal degeneration

Fourteen studies were included in this first review examining the use of corneal-crosslinking (CXL) to treat pellucid marginal degeneration (PMD). PMD is a bilateral, non-inflammatory corneal thinning disorder characterised by inferior peripheral corneal thinning 1-3mm from the limbus in the...

Microbiology, risk factors and outcomes of microbial keratitis in Sydney, Australia

The authors present a retrospective case series including all patients with microbial keratitis and ocular surface diseases (OSD), including dry eye, blepharitis, Stevens-Johnson syndrome and / or ocular cicatricial pemphigoid, over a five-year period between 2012 and 2016. A total...

Is DSAEK or DMEK better for failed penetrating keratoplasty (PKP)?

This retrospective study involved 52 patients with failed penetrating keratoplasty. Twenty-eight eyes underwent Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) and 24 eyes underwent Descemet stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK). Data collection included demographic characteristics, number of previous corneal transplants, previous glaucoma...

Mini DMEK for acute hydrops

This is a retrospective analysis of three patients who underwent mini DMEK for massive corneal hydrops in acute keratoconus. DMEK graft was trephined or trimmed according to the size and the shape of the gap in the patient’s Descemet membrane...

Ripasudil after Descemet stripping in Fuch’s endothelial dystrophy

This study prospectively evaluated the use of ripasudil, a rho kinase inhibitor, in patients undergoing Descemet’s stripping only (DSO) without an endothelial graft for Fuch’s endothelial dystrophy (FED). Patients with dense central guttae limited to the central 5mm of the...

Can intravitreal anti-VEGF injections affect corneal nerves?

This was a retrospective case-control study looking at the effect of anti-VEGF injections on corneal nerves (CN). Fifty-seven patients with a history of at least three anti-VEGF injections in one or both eyes and available confocal microscopic imaging were included...

Does amniotic membrane transplant improve outcomes in chemical injuries?

This single centre, randomised, parallel-controlled clinical trial compared the outcomes of patients with Roper-Hall grade IV ocular chemical injury that had conventional treatment vs. combined medical treatment and amniotic membrane transplantation (AMT). They followed up 60 patients between August 2006...

PUK after corneal crosslinking

This retrospective study aimed to report the incidence, characteristics, clinical presentations, risk factors, and the available treatment modalities of sterile peripheral ulcerative keratitis (PUK) post-corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL). In total 771 eyes of 474 patients operated for keratoconus or ectasia...

How long to air tamponade after DMEK?

This interventional case series looked at the influence of different intraoperative air tamponade times on graft adherence after descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK). A total of 117 eyes with Fuchs endothelial corneal dystrophy (FECD) that underwent DMEK were included. Patients...

Tear production levels and dry eye disease

Dry eye disease (DED) is multifactorial, caused by an alteration in the quality or quantity of tear film’s three layers. Several tests are available for diagnosis. The aim of this study was to determine if the Schirmer test (ST) could...

Corneal suture sample evaluation

This is a prospective study of 35 patients’ suture samples taken from a tertiary cornea clinic, Miami, Florida, with a history of penetrating keratoplasty. The aim is to study the relationship between corneal suture bacteriology, biofilm and the clinical setting,...