Acanthamoeba keratitis

This is a retrospective case series on medical records and corneal photographs of 40 eyes of 35 patients with acanthamoeba keratitis (AK, culture positive or with histopathological diagnosis). The mean age of onset was 30 ±15 years (younger in females)....

Cell injection therapy for endothelial failure

This is a prospective observational study involving 11 eyes of 11 patients with pseudophakic endothelial failure who underwent human corneal endothelial cell culture (hCEC) injection therapy for endothelial failure. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term five-year postoperative data for...

Long-term effect of YAG LPI on corneal endothelium in PACS

This is a single-centre randomised controlled trial of 875 patients with bilateral primary angle closure suspect (PACS) who received YAG laser iridotomy (LPI) prophylactic treatment in one eye randomly and the fellow eye served as control over 72 months. Central...

Proning and ocular injury

This systemic review and meta-analysis investigated the incidence and type of ocular injuries reported in adult critical care from both prone and supine patients between January 1990 and July 2020. They reviewed 11 randomised controlled trials. In three trials, 28...

Presentation of conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia

Ocular surface squamous neoplasia is the umbrella term for malignancies of the conjunctiva and within the spectrum lies conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) – a non-invasive malignancy. CIN has been implicated with ageing, smoking and ultraviolet light exposure. The typical manifestation...

A robotic armrest for ophthalmic surgery

Robot-assisted ophthalmic surgery has been the focus of intense interest in recent years. In this study, the authors tested the potential utility of a robotic armrest in ophthalmic surgery. The iArmS device consists of a forearm rest attached to a...

Light tolerance in infectious keratitis

The authors presented the findings of a study that aimed to identify the maximum irradiance (power received by a surface per unit area) that can be tolerated by photophobic patients with infectious keratitis (IK). They recruited 30 patients (14 women...

Characteristics of limbal lymphatic vasculature on confocal microscopy

This ex vivo study aims to describe the morphological characteristics of the human limbal lymphatic vasculature using confocal microscopy and immunofluorescence. Twelve corneal specimens are obtained from human donor eyes. These corneal buttons are not suitable for transplantation due to...

Review of pathogenesis of Acanthamoeba keratitis

In this review, the author summarised the current microbiomic and immunological evidence related to the pathogenesis of Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). AK has been described for almost 50 years, but the exact biology of the disease remains perplexing. Acanthamoeba spp. are...

Meta-analysis of treating meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) with topical / oral azithromycin

This study pooled the clinical outcomes of 18 high-quality studies managing MGD with azithromycin. Symptom score was the primary and clinical signs were the secondary outcome measures. Overall effectiveness of topical azithromycin (TA) and oral azithromycin (OA) was measured by...

First systematic review of COVID-19 colonisation of ocular tissues and secretions

The authors present the first systematic review summarising all the data regarding SARS-CoV-2 colonisation of ocular and periocular tissues and secretions. They reviewed all publications between December 2019 to April 2020 in the Cochrane Library, Medline, World of Science and...

Smartphone use and its effects on eyes

Longitudinal pilot study on 12 young healthy adults comparing effects of smartphone use over a 60-minute period. Reading conditions and smartphone use was standardised for all participants. Ocular symptoms, tear function and binocular vision were assessed before and after each...