Traumatic macular holes: reconstructive changes in foveal microstructures and visual predictor analysis, following surgical repair

The purpose of this paper was to investigate the reconstructive changes in foveal microstructures postoperatively and analyse the visual predictors in eyes with surgically closed traumatic macular holes (TMHs). This retrospective study analysed the data collected from 71 eyes of...

Retinal findings in COVID-19 patients

This is a single centre cross-sectional study from Brazil between 20 to 23 May 2020, with a total of 18 patients; nine male and median age was 62.5-years-old. 10/18 (55.6%) had retina abnormalities upon dilated eye examination. Flame-shaped haemorrhages were...

Cystoid macular oedema following retinal detachment surgery

There are limited studies examining the incidence and risk factors for postoperative cystoid macular oedema (CMO) following rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) repair. Postoperative CMO is thought to be due to pro-inflammatory state, where numerous cytokines lead to tight junction dysfunction,...

Foveal displacement after macular hole surgery

Previous studies show that internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling during macular hole surgery is associated with retinal shrinkage (microtubule depolymerization of the axons of the inner retina) and nasal shift of the fovea. A temporal inverted ILM flap technique was...

Detecting apoptosis in retinal cells

This is a review paper in which the authors summarise the transitioning of techniques detecting apoptosis from bench to bedside, along with the future possibilities they encase. Detection of Apoptosis in Retinal Cells (DARC) technology can be used as a...

Occult central retinal artery occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a sight-threatening condition resulting from occlusion of the central retinal artery and hypoperfusion of the inner retina. Early on, fundal examination may be normal. The authors present a retrospective case series of 11 patients...

Inflammation and microvascular changes in diabetic retinopathy

Studies have shown that neurodegeneration and inflammation in the retina start early in diabetic retinopathy (DR) and can be present before the latter is clinically evident. The aim of this retrospective review of 99 diabetic patients was to evaluate retinal...

Incidence and outcomes of endophthalmitis with in-house compounded intravitreal bevacizumab injections

This multicentre study examining a five-year period from 2014 to 2018 evaluated the incidence rate and outcomes of endophthalmitis after intravitreal injection of in-house compounded bevacizumab. In-house compounded syringes were prepared in compounding pharmacy using sterile standard operating guidelines. All...

OCT biomarkers in asymmetric anti-VEGF response in bilateral diabetic macular oedema

This study aimed to identify optical coherence tomography (OCT) biomarkers for predicting response to anti-VEGF treatment in diabetic macular oedema (DMO). Bilateral DMO patients with asymmetric response to a loading dose of anti-VEGF (ranibizumab / aflibercept) treatment were retrospectively studied....

Two-year interim safety results of the 0.2ug/day FAC intravitreal implant for the treatment of DMO

This is a 24-month interim prospective observational study of 95 previously steroid challenged patients (115 eyes) receiving intravitreal 0.2ug/day fluocinolone acetaid (FAC) implant for diabetic macular oedema (DMO) treatment. The mean IOP for pre- and post- FAC implants were stable,...

Retinal traction during ERM peeling

This prospective study aimed to quantify the retinal thickening induced by epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling and to correlate this thickening with postoperative retinal function. Twenty-five patients who required surgery for idiopathic ERM were included in the study. The authors performed...

Retinal changes prior to hydroxychloroquine toxicity

In this retrospective longitudinal study, the authors examined changes in retinal layer thickness in patients taking hydroxychloroquine without evidence of retinopathy. Patients were drawn from a hydroxychloroquine screening clinic and required at least two OCT scans, at least one year...