Macular atrophy and choriocapillaris nonperfusion

This Japanese study compared the choriocapillaris (CC) nonperfusion area as measured on OCTA with areas of macular atrophy (MA) measured by fundus autofluoresence (FAF). A total of 44 eyes were assessed (31 were treated with anti-VEGF alone and 13 had...

Is pre-eclampsia / eclampsia a risk factor for non-infective uveitis?

This population based retrospective matched cohort study was the first of its kind to suggest an association between preeclampsia / eclampsia (PEE) and non-infective uveitis (NIU). They used the Longitudinal National Health Insurance database in Taiwan to assess 2073 post-delivery...

Multimodal imaging in wet AMD

This novel study set out to determine grader agreement levels of various retinal imaging techniques, commonly used in the diagnosis of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Images from 52 eyes were by examined by two different observers. All images were...

CMV assessment

This is a retrospective, cross-sectional review of medical records from a consecutive series of patients with AIDS-related cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis who were examined at five HIV disease clinics in Yangon, Myanmar, in November 2006. All patients with CD4+ T lymphocytes...

VKH outcomes with pulse IV steroids

This is a retrospective review of clinical case notes records of 111 Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) patients between 1999 and 2015 from a single centre in Tokyo, Japan. The mean age at presentation was 41 years and the median follow-up period was...

Aflibercept treatment in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

The authors present a study to evaluate the anatomical and functional efficacy of aflibercept intravitreal (IVT) as a monotherapy in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in a Caucasian population treated with initial three-monthly aflibercept IVT, followed by a bimonthly regimen for...

Is serum ACE useful in diagnosing sarcoidosis in uveitis patients?

This retrospective clinical notes review assesses whether serum angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is useful in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis in patients presenting with uveitis. There were 1035 consecutive subjects presenting with uveitis as part of baseline investigations had a serum...

Do bilateral same day intravitreal injections increase the risk of endophthalmitis?

This large retrospective cohort study reviewed all patients who had bilateral intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections between April 2012 and August 2017. There were 101,932 procedures performed in 5890 patients. The two most common indications for injections were...

Metamorphopsia in idiopathic epiretinal membranes

The Amsler grid is commonly used for self-monitoring, but is qualitative and has low sensitivity. The M-chart reduces the amount of spatial redundancy (‘filling in’) in the Amsler grid. The Orientation Discrimination (OD) test studied in this paper consists of...

OCTA in angioid streaks

This paper reports on the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) features of choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) secondary to angioid streaks and the ability to predict CNV activity. A total of 38 eyes of 19 patients were included in the study. Thirty...

Type 3 CNV and anti-VEGF

The purpose of the study was to determine the differences between aflibercept and ranibizumab in terms of their therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of Type 3 neovascularisation. The authors highlight that the dominant mechanism for Type 3 neovascularisation development is...

Cataract surgery in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada

This retrospective, interventional case series of 286 patients (408 eyes) assessed visual outcome and prognostic factors in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) undergoing cataract surgery between September 2008 and December 2017. Two groups were reviewed. The first group (352 eyes) had...