Silicone oil in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Silicone oil (SO), used in complicated retinal detachments, is associated with complications such as cataract, increased intraocular pressure (IOP), keratopathy, cystoid macular oedema (CMO), epiretinal membrane (ERM) and loss of vision. Emulsification of oil can also lead to migration of...

Anatomical and functional outcomes following switching from aflibercept to ranibizumab in NARMD

This is a six-month, prospective, single-arm study in the UK and Germany. A total of 100 patients were enrolled (one in the primary failure group, 99 in the suboptimal treatment response group), treated three-monthly intravitreal ranibizumab injections (0.5mg), and then...

Visual outcome and surgical results in children with Marfan Syndrome

Eighty-two eyes of 41 patients with a genetically proven diagnosis of Marfan syndrome were retrospectively analysed. Twenty-seven had bilateral subluxation and 14 received lensectomy. Follow-up was three years. Mean visual acuity (VA) was 0.1 ±0.7 logMAR in patients with normal...

Telemedicine retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) screening

The Auckland Regional Telemedicine ROP network utilises wide-field digital imaging for ROP screening. Results are from 2006-2015; 1181 infants were screened over three neonatal intensive care units; 83 infants with ROP were identified. Screening rates increased over the 10 years...

Cytokine levels in vitreous fluid in patients with pathological myopia

Pathological myopia (PM) is a leading cause of irreversible visual impairment worldwide, and efforts are dedicated to the study of its underlying mechanisms. Axial extension of the eyeball is regulated via a cascade of biochemical molecules that are initiated in...

Hypothyroidsim and acute central serous chorioretinopathy – is there a link?

This cross-sectional study included 71 consecutive acute central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) patients and 70 age-matched healthy control subjects. Systemic findings, including serum levels of thyroid hormones, thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), mean arterial pressure (MAP), pulse rate, serum lipid levels and...

Comparison between findings in OCTA and FA in patients with diabetic retinopathy

In this study the authors present a prospective cross-sectional comparative study of typical findings of diabetic retinopathy to analyse the agreement between the image modalities of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) and fluorescein angiography (FA). Fifty-three eyes of 42 patients...

Results of fixed aflibercept treatment regime in type 3 neovascularisation

In this prospective study the authors evaluate the effect of intravitreal aflibercept injections in the treatment of naive type 3 neovascularisation using a fixed treatment regime. Fourteen eyes of 14 patients were studied. All patients were treated with intravitreal 2.0...

Retinal ischaemia on OCTA and diabetic retinopathy grade

The authors quite rightly point out that quantification of retinal ischaemia has the potential to serve as a biomarker for diabetic retinopathy disease progression. They set out to investigate the relationship between area of ischaemia on a swept source OCTA...

Age-related macular degeneration in elderly persons in Germany

The authors present the findings of a cross-sectional study in 11 seniors’ community centres. Eleven community centres were screened with a total of 281 participants. A third of participants with gradable images were in normal retinal health (32%).The most common...

RPE tears in cases of IPCV

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence, characteristics, management and prognosis of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Medical records of previous cases were reviewed over an eight-year period from a...

Association between diabetes mellitus and dry eye disease

Diabetes mellitus (DM) is currently one of the most prevalent chronic diseases in the United States. It is estimated that 12.3% of Americans suffer from DM. In this study the authors compare between dry eye and diabetes mellitus among a...