Use of amniotic membrane in second stage Hughes tarsocunjunctival reconstruction

This is a retrospective, non-comparative interventional case series of 30 patients who underwent amniotic membrane transplantation to lower lid margin as part of Hughes lid reconstruction to prevent a hyperaemic, hypertrophic conjunctival margin with excessive discharge. Patients undergoing more than...

Review of extraocular muscle biopsies and utility of biopsy in extraocular muscle enlargement

This is a retrospective case series study from Melbourne, Australia, of 93 patients with extraocular muscle (EOM) enlargement who underwent an EOM biopsy between March 1992 and January 2017. Statistical analysis was performed to compare the data between patients with...

Low dose steroids with elevated IgG4 levels

This is a retrospective case series review of 28 biopsy-proven IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (ROD) patients treated between March 2010 – January 2017 from Seoul, Korea. The mean follow-up period was 27.3 months. Lacrimal glands were involved in all patients and...

Manometric tear duct irrigation system against the conventional lacrimal syringing

The authors assessed the lacrimal outflow resistance with a modified irrigation system. The manometric tear duct test (mTDT) comprised of a 6mm thin wall 25 gauge lacrimal cannula which was attached to a bag of normal saline by standard fluid...

Endoscopic assisted probing for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction

In this retrospective study authors compare the success rate of nasal endoscopic-assisted probing between younger (three years and below) and older (three years and above) children with membranous nasolacrimal duct obstruction and its correlation with the thickness of the membrane...

Delayed improvement in Muller’s muscle ptosis surgery

This is a retrospective review of patients undergoing ptosis surgery. The authors had noticed anecdotally that although a posterior approach Muller’s muscle and conjunctival resection (MMCR) appeared to achieve similar results to an anterior approach levator resection (ALR) in the...

Orbital filler for enophthalmos in Parry-Romberg syndrome

This is a retrospective review of three patients with enophthalmos in sighted eyes secondary to Parry-Romberg syndrome. The patients were all female, aged between 24 and 54. All three patients had 4mm of relative enophthalmos prior to treatment. They each...

Congenital dacryocystocele in UK

The authors report the first national study of dacryocystocoeles in UK. They report an incidence of one in 18,597 live births in the UK for congenital dacryocystocele. A prospective observational study of 49 cases of congenital dacryocystocele presenting between September...