Does breastfeeding protect against age-related cataract?

This nationwide cross-sectional study is the first of its kind assessing the relationship between breastfeeding and maternal age-related cataract in Korea. They assessed the participants into quartiles depending on the number of breastfed children and duration of breastfeeding. There were...

Is laser refractive surgery safe for patients taking isotretinoin?

This multicentre, retrospective, interventional case series assesses the outcomes of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) in 113 patients taking isotretinoin between January 2003 and September 2017. Isotretinoin is contraindicated for LASIK and PRK and patients are...

Should intravitreal steroids be used in the initial treatment of post-op endophthalmitis?

Endophthalmitis following cataract surgery is one of the most feared complications, and can have significant impact on the visual outcomes of patients. The role of steroids in the management of endopthalmitis is controversial. The aim of this paper was to...

Does Ozurdex affect perfusion status in vein occlusion?

Ozurdex (intravitreal dexamethasone implant) has been approved by National Institute of Health & Care Excellence (NICE) for treatment of patients with macular oedema associated with vein occlusion. This study looks at the change in peripheral perfusion status in patients with...

Cataract in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome

The authors present a prospective comparative study in 43 patients with (group 1) or without (group 2) pseudoexfoliation (PXF) undergoing cataract surgery. Anterior capsule samples were obtained in all patients and analysed for signs of apoptosis by using special staining...

Cataract surgery in patients being treated for neovascular AMD

This retrospective matched case control study evaluated outcomes and predictive factors of visual acuity (VA) change after cataract surgery in patients being treated for neovascular age related macular degeneration (nAMD). They compared 124 patients that had cataract surgery with 372...

Low dose steroids for ocular dry eye disease in graft vs. host disease

This double-masked randomised clinical trial compared the response of dry eye disease (DED) to treatment with topical steroids in patients with and without graft vs. host disease (GVHD). Forty-two patients in a single centre (n=21 with and n=21 without GVHD)...

Assessment and management of dry eye disease

This paper is an update on the assessment and management of dry eye disease (DED). According to the second International Dry Eye Workshop 2017, “Dry eye is a multifactorial disease of the ocular surface characterised by a loss of homoeostasis...