Suture-less flanged IOL fixation vs. conventional sutured SF in IOL dislocation

The authors report the analysis of a prospective, comparative cohort study on 103 consecutive patients (103 eyes) with intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation who underwent vitrectomy with IOL removal and sutured scleral fixation (SF) (53 eyes) or flanged IOL fixation (50...

Relationship between intraocular pressure and optic nerve damage in optic nerve drusen

The authors present a retrospective study exploring the relationship between intraocular pressure (IOP) and optic nerve damage in patients with optic nerve drusen. The aim was to evaluate if patients with normal ocular pressure at the time of optic nerve...

Relating metamorphopsia severity and OCT findings in advanced epiretinal membranes

The authors present the findings of a retrospective study to correlate metamorphopsia and ectopic inner foveal layers (EIFL) or ‘central bouquet’ abnormality (CBA) in patients with advanced stages of epiretinal membrane (ERM) following the new OCT‐based grading scheme as described...

Caffeine concentration in the vitreous after drinking coffee

Caffeine is known to penetrate many bodily fluids, including the vitreous. In this prospective study, investigators measured caffeine levels in vitreous samples from patients undergoing vitrectomy and epiretinal membrane peel. Patients were divided into habitual and non-habitual coffee drinkers. One...

Endo-illumination-aided SB combined with IVT hyaluronate for RRD

The authors report a retrospective non-randomised control trial that evaluated the efficacy and safety of 25-gauge illumination-aided scleral buckling (SB) combined with hyaluronate injection for the treatment of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Forty-five cases were included in this study. Twenty-five...

Intravitreal Ziv-Aflibercept: safety analysis

Ziv-Aflibercept (Zaltrap; Sanofi-Aventis U.S LLS, Bridgewater, NJ) was originally introduced as an intravenous formulation for metastatic colorectal cancer. The adoption of Ziv-Aflibercept in ophthalmic practice was similar to bevacizumab, and reports have previously examined one to two year visual outcomes...

Silicone oil in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Silicone oil (SO), used in complicated retinal detachments, is associated with complications such as cataract, increased intraocular pressure (IOP), keratopathy, cystoid macular oedema (CMO), epiretinal membrane (ERM) and loss of vision. Emulsification of oil can also lead to migration of...

Congenital aniridia with or without retinal detachment

The authors present the clinical and molecular genetic evaluations performed on a large Iranian pedigree with 26 aniridia affected patients in four generations and some with retinal detachment. Members of the family affected with aniridia were invited to participate after...

Features of AMD treatment non-responders

This is a retrospective consecutive case series of 365 eyes with age-related macular degeneration (AMD) who had three monthly intravitreal aflibercept treatments for at least 12 months. Responders were defined as complete resolution of exudation, intraretinal oedema, subretinal fluid, pigment...

DRIL after macular oedema treatment in BRVO

The authors report the analysis of a single-site, retrospective, cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between disorganisation of the retinal inner layers (DRIL) and visual acuity (VA) after anti-VEGF treatment for macular oedema (MO) due to branch retinal vein occlusion...

Vitrectomy in retinal detachment associated with choroidal detachment

Hypotony, posterior retinal breaks, longer axial lengths and total retinal detachments (RD) are risk factors for development of RD associated with choroidal detachment (RRDCD). This study retrospectively analysed the anatomic outcomes and prognostic factors of vitrectomy in 175 patients with...

Metamorphopsia in idiopathic epiretinal membranes

The Amsler grid is commonly used for self-monitoring, but is qualitative and has low sensitivity. The M-chart reduces the amount of spatial redundancy (‘filling in’) in the Amsler grid. The Orientation Discrimination (OD) test studied in this paper consists of...