BT for retinal detachment strabismus (2020)

The authors report updated experience on factors influencing botulinum toxin (BT) outcomes for strabismus following retinal detachment surgery. This was a retrospective review of 32 patients with follow-up of 20 months (1-132). Mean age at BT injection was 44 years...

Mediation of vertical vergence

The authors hypothesised that if vertical vergence were mediated by vertical rectus muscles, then the eye that moves during a vertical fusion task would produce larger vertical vergence when abducted versus adducted. Similarly, if mediated by the oblique muscles then...

Corpus callosum in infantile esotropia

Diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) imaging was undertaken with four infantile esotropia (IE) patients and nine controls. All with IE showed an asymmetrical distribution of callosal fibres when comparing two hemispheres. Many fibres terminated near the tips of the occipital cortices....

Vertical disparity effects on horizontal fusion

This study was designed to investigate the effect of induced vertical disparity by prisms on horizontal fusional reserves at near distance. One hundred and seventy students were recruited and vertical disparity was induced by small vertical prisms of 0.5 and...

Does Ozurdex affect perfusion status in vein occlusion?

Ozurdex (intravitreal dexamethasone implant) has been approved by National Institute of Health & Care Excellence (NICE) for treatment of patients with macular oedema associated with vein occlusion. This study looks at the change in peripheral perfusion status in patients with...

Testing fusional amplitude

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of varied testing distance and order of testing on fusion amplitudes in subjects with normal eye examinations, along with impact of examination encouragement and subject level of alertness. Average age...

Fixation disparity measurement

The authors evaluate different procedures looking at point zero, fixation disparity (FD) and motor fusion amplitude in order to calibrate the measurement of FD with Ogle’s apparatus with the overall goal to create a standardised measurement of the FD curve...

Fusion vergence measures

The purpose of this study was to compare fusional vergence measurements between orthophoria, esophoria and exophoria and determine the strength of correlation between fusional vergence and angle of deviation. This was a cross-section study of 530 children aged six to...

Positive diagnosis of acute posterior ischaemic optic nerve neuropathy

Posterior ischaemic optic neuropathy is a rare cause of visual loss believed to be due to infarction in the territory of the pial branches of the ophthalmic artery. There is an absence of clinical signs which means the diagnosis is...

BT for intermittent exotropia

This study aimed to evaluate the effect of botulinum toxin (BT) on the amount of deviation and fusional control state of intermittent exotropia. Twenty-one patients (five male and 16 female) aged five to 18 years with progression of exotropia were...