Efficacy of combined vitrectomy with intravitreal corticosteroid injection for ERM

In this study the authors evaluated the efficacy of vitrectomy combined with corticosteroid injection for idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM). A systematic literature review was conducted by searching three electronic databases, PubMed, Embase and Medline, up to 2020 for relevant studies....

Impact of COVID-19 on primary retinal detachments

This study aimed to describe the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the presentation characteristics, timings, and surgical decisions for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). The cohort included all patients who presented to a Portuguese centre over a two-year period,...

Subconjunctival anaesthesia in vitreoretinal surgery

The authors present a technique that combines topical and subconjunctival anaesthesia for vitreoretinal surgery. In this ‘two-step’ procedure, three drops of proparacaine were applied to the conjunctival fornix, followed by subconjunctival lidocaine injected in three quadrants. This was compared with...

Suture-less flanged IOL fixation vs. conventional sutured SF in IOL dislocation

The authors report the analysis of a prospective, comparative cohort study on 103 consecutive patients (103 eyes) with intraocular lens (IOL) dislocation who underwent vitrectomy with IOL removal and sutured scleral fixation (SF) (53 eyes) or flanged IOL fixation (50...

Caffeine concentration in the vitreous after drinking coffee

Caffeine is known to penetrate many bodily fluids, including the vitreous. In this prospective study, investigators measured caffeine levels in vitreous samples from patients undergoing vitrectomy and epiretinal membrane peel. Patients were divided into habitual and non-habitual coffee drinkers. One...

Retinal vascular occlusion from gentamicin injection post-vitrectomy

The authors present two case reports for the rare, but serious, complication of retinal vascular occlusion as a presumed result of subconjunctival injection following 25-gauge vitrectomy. Risk factors for the complication include: cardiovascular disease, retrobulbar anaesthesia, high intraocular pressure (IOP)...

Conservative surgical management of optic disc pit maculopathy

Four cases are presented in this case report that illustrates the option of conservative surgical management for optic disc pit complicated by maculopathy (ODP-M). Four men aged 24-67-years-old with no spontaneous resolution of ODP-M for a minimum of three months,...

Retinoschisis

In this retrospective study the authors evaluate the effect of pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) and internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling for lamellar macular hole (LMH) with or without macular retinoschisis in highly myopic eyes. Twenty-one highly myopic patients (22 eyes)...