Metamorphopsia in idiopathic epiretinal membranes

The Amsler grid is commonly used for self-monitoring, but is qualitative and has low sensitivity. The M-chart reduces the amount of spatial redundancy (‘filling in’) in the Amsler grid. The Orientation Discrimination (OD) test studied in this paper consists of...

OCTA in angioid streaks

This paper reports on the optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) features of choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) secondary to angioid streaks and the ability to predict CNV activity. A total of 38 eyes of 19 patients were included in the study. Thirty...

Type 3 CNV and anti-VEGF

The purpose of the study was to determine the differences between aflibercept and ranibizumab in terms of their therapeutic efficacy in the treatment of Type 3 neovascularisation. The authors highlight that the dominant mechanism for Type 3 neovascularisation development is...

Cataract surgery in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada

This retrospective, interventional case series of 286 patients (408 eyes) assessed visual outcome and prognostic factors in patients with Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada (VKH) undergoing cataract surgery between September 2008 and December 2017. Two groups were reviewed. The first group (352 eyes) had...

A comparative evaluation of a new diffractive trifocal and EDOF IOLs

This study aimed to compare the outcomes of two diffractive trifocal intraocular lenses and one extended depth of focus (EDOF) intraocular lens (IOLs). This was a six month, single centred, prospective, randomised, comparative study in which patients who underwent routine...

Comparison of SIA from femtosecond laser and manual CCIs for cataract surgery

This study group compared the differences in surgically induced astigmatism (SIA) vector, flattening effect, torque and wound architecture following both femtosecond laser and manual clear corneal incisions (CCIs). A double-armed, randomised, prospective case series was conducted. Cataract surgery was performed...

Intracameral mydriasis with Mydrane

The aim of this study is to evaluate the ‘real world’ experience in a UK setting for intracameral Mydrane mydriasis in routine cataract surgery. A prospective consecutive series of 60 patients (group 2) had intraoperative, intracameral Mydrane (tropicamide 0.02%, phenylephrine...

Under pressure: intraocular pressure and bariatric surgery

Obesity in the general patient population is increasing. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence recommends bariatric surgery with body-mass index (BMI) of over 40, or between 35-40 and other significant disease that could be improved with weight loss....

Mono vs. multi-therapy in IOP control

This randomised control trial studied newly diagnosed glaucoma patients given mono‐ or multi‐therapy regarding differences in initial intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction, target IOP levels reached and influence of untreated baseline IOP on IOP reduction. Patients newly diagnosed with manifest primary...

Effect of refractive corneal surgery on IOP and glaucoma progression

Accuracy of intraocular pressure (IOP) measurement depends on the biomechanical properties of the cornea, including its thickness central corneal thickness (CCT) and keratometry (K). Fifty-six eyes of 56 patients with primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) who had a history of...

Manometric tear duct irrigation system against the conventional lacrimal syringing

The authors assessed the lacrimal outflow resistance with a modified irrigation system. The manometric tear duct test (mTDT) comprised of a 6mm thin wall 25 gauge lacrimal cannula which was attached to a bag of normal saline by standard fluid...

Endoscopic assisted probing for congenital nasolacrimal duct obstruction

In this retrospective study authors compare the success rate of nasal endoscopic-assisted probing between younger (three years and below) and older (three years and above) children with membranous nasolacrimal duct obstruction and its correlation with the thickness of the membrane...