EP in a case of abducens nerve palsy

Ecchordosis physaliphora (EP) is a rare non-malignant mass that originates from remains of the notochord and is typically asymptomatic. Symptomatic cases are extremely rare, and the majority are managed by surgical resection. This case study reports a 42-year-old male who...

Hormonal contraceptives and IIH

This multicentre retrospective population based case control study investigated whether there was a higher incidence of idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) in those patients taking oral contraceptive pills (OCP) and other hormonal contraceptives. Fifty-three women were diagnosed with IIH between Jan...

Use of amniotic membrane in second stage Hughes tarsocunjunctival reconstruction

This is a retrospective, non-comparative interventional case series of 30 patients who underwent amniotic membrane transplantation to lower lid margin as part of Hughes lid reconstruction to prevent a hyperaemic, hypertrophic conjunctival margin with excessive discharge. Patients undergoing more than...

Review of extraocular muscle biopsies and utility of biopsy in extraocular muscle enlargement

This is a retrospective case series study from Melbourne, Australia, of 93 patients with extraocular muscle (EOM) enlargement who underwent an EOM biopsy between March 1992 and January 2017. Statistical analysis was performed to compare the data between patients with...

Low dose steroids with elevated IgG4 levels

This is a retrospective case series review of 28 biopsy-proven IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (ROD) patients treated between March 2010 – January 2017 from Seoul, Korea. The mean follow-up period was 27.3 months. Lacrimal glands were involved in all patients and...

IO over action surgery

This study aimed to compare the effectiveness of the two surgical methods on the correction of inferior oblique over action (IOOA). This was a retrospective study of 99 eyes of 56 patients; 47 myectomy and 52 anterior transposition procedures. Mean...

Neuroanatomical structures and eye movements

The aim of this study was to review and critically discuss the role of ocular proprioception in oculomotor control and development of eye motility disorders. The authors considered proprioception, structure and proprioceptors of eye muscles, singly and multiply innervated muscle...

Beta blocker treatment for capillary haemangioma

This randomised controlled trial of 25 patients aimed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of combined oral and topical beta blockers for the treatment of superficial periocular infantile capillary haemangioma at the early proliferative stage. Group 1 (n=13) were given...

IO belly transposition surgery

The authors evaluated inferior oblique (IO) muscle belly transposition to correct mild to moderate IO overaction with small primary position hypertropia. They reviewed 10 patients aged 6-35 years (mean 18.6 years). Aetiologies were mild unilateral superior oblique (SO) palsy for...

Bilateral LR recession for DRS

This study reports the use of bilateral lateral rectus (LR) recessions instead of unilateral LR recession for unilateral exotropic Duane’s retraction syndrome (DRS) with abnormal head posture. This was a retrospective study of seven patients; five female and two male....

Is serum ACE useful in diagnosing sarcoidosis in uveitis patients?

This retrospective clinical notes review assesses whether serum angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) is useful in the diagnosis of sarcoidosis in patients presenting with uveitis. There were 1035 consecutive subjects presenting with uveitis as part of baseline investigations had a serum...

Do bilateral same day intravitreal injections increase the risk of endophthalmitis?

This large retrospective cohort study reviewed all patients who had bilateral intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) injections between April 2012 and August 2017. There were 101,932 procedures performed in 5890 patients. The two most common indications for injections were...