Aflibercept treatment in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy

The authors present a study to evaluate the anatomical and functional efficacy of aflibercept intravitreal (IVT) as a monotherapy in polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) in a Caucasian population treated with initial three-monthly aflibercept IVT, followed by a bimonthly regimen for...

Contrast sensitivity after laser corneal surgery

This study group compared contrast sensitivity among participants undergoing wavefront-guided or wavefront-optimised photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) or laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) for the treatment of myopia or myopic astigmatism 12 months after surgery. This was a prospective, randomised clinical trial,...

Outcomes with small aperture IOLs

This study aimed to compare the clinical outcomes following the implantation of an extended depth of focus small-aperture intraocular lens (IOL) (IC-8; AcuFocus, Irvine, CA) for presbyopia correction when implanted monocularly or binocularly. Visual outcomes, defocus curve, patient satisfaction, and...

Corneal suture sample evaluation

This is a prospective study of 35 patients’ suture samples taken from a tertiary cornea clinic, Miami, Florida, with a history of penetrating keratoplasty. The aim is to study the relationship between corneal suture bacteriology, biofilm and the clinical setting,...

Results of corneal cross-linking in very steep corneas

Corneal cross-linking (CXL) has been shown to be a safe and valid treatment option for progressive keratoconus and have shown an arrest of progression with a low failure rate of 0% to 2.8% in mild to moderate keratoconus. A Kmax...

Corneal cross-linking for treatment of corneal ulcers

This was an observational cohort study looking at the usefulness of photo activated chromophore for infectious keratitis-corneal collagen cross-linking (PACK-CXL) in reducing the time to heal in suppurative corneal ulcers. This study, conducted in a tertiary care centre in South...

Effect of phacoemulsification on facility of outflow

This is a prospective study to examine the change in electronic Schotz tonographic outflow (TOF) and IOP measurements after phacoemulsification. Intraocular pressure was measured using Goldman‘s applanation tonography (GAT). Data were collected at baseline, three, six and 12 months postoperatively....

Prediction of visual outcome in IIH

In this prospective study, visual outcome of 40 patients with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH) was compared with clinical and neuro-ophthalmic parameters. The purpose of this was to determine any correlation to try and predict visual outcome for IIH patients. Parameters...

Is exenteration helpful in invasive fungal sinusitis?

Invasive fungal sinusitis is a potentially lethal disease that causes painful orbital apex syndrome with ophthalmoplegia and visual loss. The mechanism of ophthalmoplegia and visual loss is not clear, and neither is the role of radical surgery-orbital exenteration. The authors...

Two illustrative cases of AZOOR

The authors present two illustrative cases of acute zonal occult outer retinopathy (AZOOR) which causes acute idiopathic blind spot enlargement. The disease is characterised by sudden loss of outer retinal function associated with photopsia, with minimal or no fundoscopic changes...

Differences in elastometry of cornea and optic nerve head in both eyes of patients with NAION

Non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAION) is an important cause of visual loss in the middle aged and elderly population. This prospective cross-sectional study investigates the biomechanical properties of optic nerve head (ONH) and cornea in both eyes of patients...

A rare case of oculomotor nerve palsy from presumed cavernous angioma

Cavernous angiomas of the cranial nerves are extremely rare, and those of the oculomotor (third) nerve are rarer still. The authors present a single case study of presumed cavernous angioma involving the subarachnoid portion of the left third nerve, which...