Quantifying ductions and fields of BSV

The authors aimed to evaluate current clinical practice of quantifying ductions and fields of binocular single vision (BSV) in the UK and Ireland. An online questionnaire was used and was circulated via the British & Irish Orthoptic Society (BIOS) member...

Evaluation of a service providing sight impairment registration for stroke survivors

This service evaluation study of a hospital single centre stroke service was undertaken to determine reasons for declining sight registration, whether patients feel supported without registration and determine changes needed to improve registration processes. A review of existent data was...

Care pathway for isolated orbital blowout fractures

The authors conducted a literature review to inform the development of a care pathway for the assessment and management of adult fractures, specifically isolated fractures not combined with facial or systemic injury. Assessments included a core of Hess chart, field...

Effect of alcohol dependency on visual function

The purpose of this study was to evaluate visual function, attention and psychological profiles in consumer and abstainer alcohol dependency syndrome (ADS) patients in a Portuguese population. The study was a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional and correlational study over a one-year...

IOL power in short eyes

Prospective analysis of 269 eyes of 269 patients between 2017 and 2020, with axial length (AL) of 22mm or less. New principles for calculating IOL power were recently developed, including formulas based on paraxial ray-tracing (Barrett and Olsen) and based...

Corectopia grading

The authors present a novel corectopia classification system using 28 eyes of 28 patients with or without corectopia. The grading and classification system for corectopia was as follows: (i) Direction of decentration: superior (DecS), superonasal (DecSN), nasal (DecN), inferonasal (DecIN),...

Complications after cataract surgery in high myopes: a systematic review and meta-analysis

The authors review all the modern literature on complications after phacoemulsification in high myopes with axial lengths (AL) greater than 25.0mm. Twenty-eight studies reporting on 19,586 eyes were included. The corrected distance visual acuity (CDVA) improved from 0.96 ± 0.53...

Posterior capsular rupture risk factors as reported in the European registry

In this cross-sectional review of the European Registry of Quality Outcomes for Cataract and Refractive Surgery (EUREQUO) including 2,853,376 patients and 31,749 cases with posterior capsular rupture (PCR), the authors observed a trend of reduction in PCR rate from 1.44%...

Effects of market competition on the price of topical eye drops in the US

The authors retrospectively examined the relationship between the number of Federal Drug Administration (FDA)-approved manufacturers and the price change of generic and branded topical eye medications based on the formulations listed in the FDA Orange Book and the National Average...

Lamellar patch grafts utilising cornea remnants from DMEK/PKP

The authors retrospectively reviewed 23 lamellar patch grafts performed over a six-year period for tectonic indications in corneal thinning and perforations. The anterior stroma of corneal endothelium peeled for descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) were used to prepare circular lamellar...

Hidden spread of sebaceous cell carcinoma

This was a review of 29 patients who had undergone orbital exenteration for sebaceous cell carcinoma. Prompted by the increasing use of topical treatments for intraepithelial disease, the authors were keen to discover the frequency of spread of tumour cells...

Transconjunctival eyelid weight insertion

This is a description of a new surgical technique to insert upper lid weights via a posterior, transconjunctival route. Following local anaesthetic, the upper lid was everted over a Desmarres retractor with a silk traction suture. A 5mm high central...