Delayed improvement in Muller’s muscle ptosis surgery

This is a retrospective review of patients undergoing ptosis surgery. The authors had noticed anecdotally that although a posterior approach Muller’s muscle and conjunctival resection (MMCR) appeared to achieve similar results to an anterior approach levator resection (ALR) in the...

Orbital filler for enophthalmos in Parry-Romberg syndrome

This is a retrospective review of three patients with enophthalmos in sighted eyes secondary to Parry-Romberg syndrome. The patients were all female, aged between 24 and 54. All three patients had 4mm of relative enophthalmos prior to treatment. They each...

Iranian prevalence of amblyopia

This population-based study was conducted in the Mashhad County in the north east of Iran to determine the prevalence of amblyopia and its determinants and to predict the health needs of the county. This was a cross-sectional study and of...

Comparison of vision screening programmes

The purpose was to examine the treatment that children underwent as a result of being identified with reduced vision at school screening. The level of improvement in vision was identified and the time taken to achieve maximum visual acuity. There...

Vertical disparity effects on horizontal fusion

This study was designed to investigate the effect of induced vertical disparity by prisms on horizontal fusional reserves at near distance. One hundred and seventy students were recruited and vertical disparity was induced by small vertical prisms of 0.5 and...

Genetic profiles of primary strabismus

The authors explore the pedigree analysis of familial cases of primary concomitant strabismus (PCS) to unravel the genetic determinants of this strabismus. Of 2301 cases of PCS, 39 (1.7%) had familial clustering. This study recruited 18 families with esotropia and...

Screening accuracy

In this study the authors observed whether and how well orthoptic tests are performed by non-orthoptists in a screening setting. They assessed the quality of screening tests by semi-structured observations of youth health care (YHC) physicians who screened children aged...

Surgical management of IIIcnp

This was a retrospective review of a cohort of patients with complete third nerve palsy (IIIcnp) managed by a surgical technique of full tendon transposition (FTT) of the lateral rectus (LR) to the medial rectus (MR) augmented with posterior fixation...

Radiation maculopathy

This is a retrospective non-randomised study of 13 consecutive eyes of 13 patients affected by radiation maculopathy secondary to eye irradiation for primary uveal melanoma (Iodine-125 brachytherapy). All patients were treated with a single intravitreal 0.7mg dexamethasone implant and full...

Macular pigment and dark adaptation in older population with normal maculas

Macular pigment (MP) such as lutein, zeaxanthin and meso-zeaxanthin are highly concentrated in the fovea. They protect the retina from damage of ambient blue light via antioxidant properties. In older eyes with normal healthy retina, macular pigment optical density (MPOD)...

Effects of blood donation on the physiology of the eye

Hypovolaemia is a state of decreased blood volume, the reduction of which reduces tissue perfusion which may in turn lead to cellular hypoxia and end-organ damage. In blood donation, 500ml of blood is collected in ten minutes. This equates to...

Ranibizumab safety in pregnancy

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays a pivotal role during pregnancy, and systemic anti-VEGF administration during this period should thus be avoided. VEGF is expressed in multiple embryonic and foetal tissues during development, with the highest levels found in the...