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Understanding amniotic membrane grafts

Safa Elhassan gives a brief review of amniotic membrane grafts and their application in theatre and clinic-based settings. Amniotic membrane (AM) transplant has been an established adjuvant treatment for many corneal, conjunctival and scleral disorders in ophthalmic clinical practice with...

Retinoblastoma management update (part 2): treatment, screening and surveillance, long-term follow-up and new developments

Retinoblastoma treatment requires significant multidisciplinary input, but early detection through raising awareness remains key to improving outcomes. In the second article of a two-part series, Manoj Parulekar discusses retinoblastoma management, screening and research. This article has been published in two...

Simulated ocular surgery

See also Simulated ocular surgery - strabismus surgery and Simulated ocular surgery: pars plana vitrectomy and scleral buckling surgery This is the first of a series of articles that will have three aims. Firstly, to demonstrate why simulated ocular surgery...

Syndromic V-pattern management

The authors document their experience in the management of four cases of Crouzon syndrome and review the anatomical extraocular muscle anomalies noted during surgery. Horizontal strabismus surgery varied in each of the four cases according to individual extraocular muscle abnormalities...

IO belly transposition surgery

The authors evaluated inferior oblique (IO) muscle belly transposition to correct mild to moderate IO overaction with small primary position hypertropia. They reviewed 10 patients aged 6-35 years (mean 18.6 years). Aetiologies were mild unilateral superior oblique (SO) palsy for...

Surgical technique for small-angle hypertropia

In order to treat small-angle hypertropia of <5PF associated with mild / moderate upshoot in adduction, an option is to suture the inferior oblique (IO) belly to the sclera following its natural muscle direction or with anterior transposition. This study...

Ocular Trauma Scores in paediatric open globe injuries

This is a retrospective case series of 71 open globe injuries in children of less than 18 years of age, with a minimum follow-up period of one year, between 1 September 1992 to 31 July 2011, from the Eye Department...

A closer look at the new wave of glaucoma surgery – radical or old school?

Glaucoma is a challenging condition to treat because the exact pathophysiology remains unclear and the only readily modifiable factor is the intraocular pressure (IOP). Additionally, most glaucoma patients are completely asymptomatic, yet are often subjected to lifelong medical therapy. The...

Acute uveitis from late migration of soft lens matter 10 years post cataract surgery

A 58-year-old Caucasian male presented to the emergency eye clinic with a two-day history of a painful, red left eye and blurred vision. His past ocular history included uncomplicated left phacoemulsification cataract surgery in 2010 and left retinal detachment repair...

The results of the last survey Jun22

Thank you once more for your time in answering the latest survey. The first question relates to the number of staff required for a routine cataract list. There was a big variance in practice. Some of us are luckier than...

Ocular bubbly: a vitreoretinal update on the art of gases

The authors remind us of the revolutionary impact gases have had on retinal surgery. In 1938, Rosengren attempted to improve his retina repair surgical outcomes [1]. He discovered that suturing the retina or pressing externally on the sclera were not...

Intraocular Lens Surgery

This book is a valuable update on understanding IOL surgery for ophthalmologists in training and in practice. Broadly, the book is divided into six sections dealing with three main concepts: 1) IOL selection for routine and complex scenarios; 2) IOL...