Ophthalmic presentations and outcomes in Erdheim-Chester disease

This is a comprehensive article describing clinical manifestations and pathogenesis of Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) followed by a literature review of the available treatments. The authors look to compare historical treatment (HT) with vemurafenib, a BRAF inhibitor. ECD is a non-Langerhans...

Differentiating orbital cellulitis from non-specific orbital inflammation

This is a retrospective study looking at whether common laboratory investigations can help differentiate between orbital cellulitis (OC) and non-specific orbital inflammation (NSOI). NSOI is a diagnosis of exclusion following negative investigations for systemic diseases such as IgG4-related disease, granulomatosis...

Subperiosteal abscess management in adolescents and adults

This is a retrospective study looking at the clinical and treatment profiles of patients with orbital subperiosteal abscess (SPA) in an adolescent and adult population. SPA is rarer in this age group compared to a paediatric population (less than nine-years-old)...

Yolk sac tumours of the orbit and sinonasal tract

This paper outlines two case reports of patients with yolk sac tumours (YSTs) and carries out a review of the literature on this rare malignancy. YSTs are a type of germ cell tumour and primarily occur in the gonads. Ten...

Hydrogel expanders in the management of congenital anophthalmia

This is a retrospective case series of 11 anophthalmic orbits in eight children. Anophthalmia can result micro-orbitism, congenital fornix atresia, constricted socket, phimotic lids and reduced palpebral aperture. Expanders play an important role in improving the orbital volume and forniceal...

Outcomes from evisceration with primary implant in 1800 patients

This is a retrospective analysis of 1800 patients who had evisceration with orbital implant between 2013-2019. As the largest published series on this topic, the authors are able to give relatable real-world data on complications following surgery. They use a...

Computer-assisted surgery in the orbit

In this paper the authors describe the growing use of computer-assisted surgery in ophthalmology. It is already described as a powerful adjunct in neurosurgery and sinus surgery and here they describe their experience of using it for the orbit; specifically...

Accuracy of clinician vs. radiologic interpretation of the imaging of orbital lesions

This is a retrospective study of 242 patients who underwent surgical orbitomy at University of California Davis Health between 1 January 2000 and 20 May 2019. The preoperative imaging with radiologist’s interpretation, clinical assessment with clinician’s interpretation of imaging, and...

Surgical outcomes of isolated medial rectus palsy

Isolated medial rectus is a rare clinical entity. This prospective study of 32 patients from China showed that this was caused most commonly by iatrogenic injury (43.75%), trauma (37.50%) and congenital (18.75%) causes. An average of 60 ±25 prism dioptres...

Orbital manifestations of granulomatosis with polyangitis

This a retrospective, observational study where authors looked at the ophthalmological examination, biopsy, antibodies and CT scan results of all patients diagnosed with granulomatosis with polyangitis (GPA) from January 2007-January 2019. Out of 101 patients with diagnosis of GPA, 15...

Ocular adnexal marginal zone b-cell lymphoma

This is a multicentre retrospective study of seven eye centres of 689 patients with ocular adnexal extranodal marginal zone b-cell lymphoma (OA-EMZL). The median follow-up time was 42 months and the median age was 62 years. Fifty-five percent were women;...

Recession and resection surgery in TED

The aim was to investigate changes in ocular ductions in thyroid eye disease (TED) patients undergoing recession in comparison to recession / resection surgery. This was a retrospective study of 119 patients with inclusion of 102 eyes in final analysis....

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