You searched for "proptosis"

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An update on inherited retinal disorders (part 2): Approaches to therapy for IRDs

Part 1 of this topic can be found here There are currently no proven cures for inherited retinal disease (IRD). However, multiple avenues of research are being investigated to better understand disease mechanisms and trial potential therapies that may slow...

Prognostication for uveal melanoma

The authors highlight the importance of using all available data in the prognostication of uveal melanoma (UM). Over recent years a number of molecular tests have emerged to allow clinicians to predict metastatic potential of UM. However, concordance between techniques...

Cavernous sinus syndrome

Anatomically the cavernous sinus is a plexus of multiple veins that are connected and within this plexus there are several important vascular and neurological structures. These include cranial nerves III, IV, V1 (and sometimes V2), VI as well as the...

Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy: from lab to clinic

Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) was the first clinically described mitochondrial disorder (1871). This article reviews the pathophysiology and clinical features of LHON with a focus on translational research. G11778A is currently the most common mutation worldwide and is associated...

Oct/Nov 2019 Quiz

History A 62-year-old female patient was referred for rapid growth of a left periorbital soft tissue lesion with proptosis. Her past medical history included: hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and bipolar disorder. On examination: vision in the affected eye was hand movements, right...

A paediatric case of central retinal artery occlusion following antibiotics and decompression surgery for orbital cellulitis

Orbital cellulitis is an ophthalmic emergency that warrants urgent management in the hospital setting [1]. This occurs more frequently in the paediatric population where it is often secondary to sinus infections. Delay in treatment could result in severe complications including...

Orbital cellulitis - an overview of the diagnosis and management

Periorbital (preseptal) and orbital cellulitis are infections of the subcutaneous tissues of the eye. They are differentiated by the location of the infection. Periorbital cellulitis refers to infection of the eyelid and subcutaneous tissues anterior to the orbital septum, whereas...

Aug/Sep 2016 Quiz

History A 45-year-old female patient presented with left upper eyelid swelling present for six months. There was mild pain and a sense of fullness over the left eye. Examination revealed a palpable firm mass over the lacrimal gland area without...

Orbital Schwannomas

This is a large case series of orbital Schwannomas managed at a single centre over a 26-year period. Twenty Schwannomas are reported, all but one of which was managed surgically. The tumours were all benign, had an insidious onset and...

Trans-sinus endoscopic removal of retrobulbar air gun pellet within the orbital apex

Injuries to the eye have been widely reported in medical literature due to a variety of mechanisms causing significant morbidity and occasional unexpected mortality for the patient [1]. It is often wrongly assumed that air gun pellets lack this potential....

Visual acuity conversion to digital acuity

The author proposes a basic set of evidence-based digital acuities for alpha vision to facilitate formatting of visual acuity data uniformly. This work was informed by a review of the literature. A full table provides US and international classification of...

Confocal microscopy and corneal graft rejection

Forty-five patients following penetrating keratoplasty (PK) were examined with the HRT III Rostock Cornea Module confocal microscope at various points after their surgery for two years. Activated keratocytes (AKs) were counted manually and their mean number evaluated. A pattern was...