You searched for "proptosis"

4166 results found

On the wrong track

A 65-year-old very high myope lady presented with sudden blurred vision down to count fingers to her right eye after a short and sharp pain. She also described seeing a black swirly line and as all these symptoms were exactly...

Somatostatin protects retinal pericytes

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes, caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the retinal microvasculature. Mechanisms, such as oxidative stress and deposition of advanced glycation end products, leads to glial cell activation and neuronal apoptosis. Pericytes, contractile...

AlloDerm for correction of lower lid retraction

This is a retrospective review of 95 eyes of 54 patients undergoing orbital decompression for Graves’ orbitopathy. All patients had a swinging eyelid approach across the whole of the lower lid. Thirty-six eyes also had insertion of a 0.3mm thick...

Upper eyelid ulceration as a presenting sign of frontal sinus mucocele

Introduction A sinus mucocele is an epithelium-lined sac filled with mucus and desquamated epithelium. It forms secondary to inflammatory processes that occur in a sinus with an obstructed ostium. Predisposing conditions include previous trauma, surgery, tumours, anatomical abnormalities, and chronic...

Predicting causes and prognosis in cases of optic disc swelling

The authors reviewed 93 consecutive cases with optic disc swelling (ODS) with the purpose of comparing the clinical manifestations and prognosis between cases. The aim was to understand the differences in frequency and clinical features of ODS, relating these to...

An update on inherited retinal disorders (part 2): Approaches to therapy for IRDs

Part 1 of this topic can be found here There are currently no proven cures for inherited retinal disease (IRD). However, multiple avenues of research are being investigated to better understand disease mechanisms and trial potential therapies that may slow...

Reforms to primary eyecare in Wales welcome but concerning

Some areas of the Welsh Government’s proposals have come under scrutiny by eyecare practitioners practising in Wales since a consultation on reforms opened in April.

Prognostication for uveal melanoma

The authors highlight the importance of using all available data in the prognostication of uveal melanoma (UM). Over recent years a number of molecular tests have emerged to allow clinicians to predict metastatic potential of UM. However, concordance between techniques...

Cavernous sinus syndrome

Anatomically the cavernous sinus is a plexus of multiple veins that are connected and within this plexus there are several important vascular and neurological structures. These include cranial nerves III, IV, V1 (and sometimes V2), VI as well as the...

Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy: from lab to clinic

Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) was the first clinically described mitochondrial disorder (1871). This article reviews the pathophysiology and clinical features of LHON with a focus on translational research. G11778A is currently the most common mutation worldwide and is associated...

A paediatric case of central retinal artery occlusion following antibiotics and decompression surgery for orbital cellulitis

Orbital cellulitis is an ophthalmic emergency that warrants urgent management in the hospital setting [1]. This occurs more frequently in the paediatric population where it is often secondary to sinus infections. Delay in treatment could result in severe complications including...

Oct/Nov 2019 Quiz

History A 62-year-old female patient was referred for rapid growth of a left periorbital soft tissue lesion with proptosis. Her past medical history included: hypertension, hyperlipidaemia and bipolar disorder. On examination: vision in the affected eye was hand movements, right...