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1015 results found

Vision measurements vs. self-rating

The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between self-rated vision status and tests of visual acuity, contrast sensitivity, stereoacuity, bilateral visual field and self-reported visual function in specific domains of near and far vision. The goal was...

Melanocytoma of the optic disc

Melanocytoma is a heavily pigmented lesion, composed of melanocytes and is a variant of melanocytic naevus. It classically occurs at the optic disc and is usually benign, static and asymptomatic. However, it can occasionally grow and invade the retina or...

Diagnosis and management of IV cranial nerve palsy

Aetiology: Trochlear nerve palsy can be divided into acute or congenital. Congenital trochlear nerve palsy is usually noted in childhood with development of abnormal head posture. Various pathologies can lead to acute IV nerve palsy, most commonly trauma. Other causes...

Rituximab efficacy for juvenile idiopathic arthritis

This is a retrospective study about the long-term efficacy of rituximab in patients with severe juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA)-associated uveitis. A total of eight patients (15 eyes) were recruited in this study in a single tertiary referral centre from Italy....

Treatment of diabetic macular oedema

Diabetic macular oedema (DMO) is a common complication associated with diabetic retinopathy, and the most common cause of visual impairment in diabetes [1]. With predicted rising levels of diabetes (in England by 2025 the estimated population with diabetes will be...

Iranian prevalence of convergence / accommodative disorders

The aim of this study was to investigate the frequency of accommodative and convergence disorders in an optometric clinical population and ascertain tests with the highest sensitivity and specificity in detecting these anomalies. The authors gathered information on symptoms, near...

Sixth nerve palsy versus decompensating distance esophoria

Orthoptists see a wide range of conditions that can range from reduced binocular single vision (BSV) that may be solved with exercises, to more extreme neurogenic cases requiring further intervention. Because of this variety, it is important to be able...

Presentation of conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia

Ocular surface squamous neoplasia is the umbrella term for malignancies of the conjunctiva and within the spectrum lies conjunctival intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) – a non-invasive malignancy. CIN has been implicated with ageing, smoking and ultraviolet light exposure. The typical manifestation...

Technology in ophthalmology – a promising future and what we need to know about the regulations

Undoubtedly, ophthalmology is one of the greatest sources of inspiration for technological progress in medicine. Thus far, we have seen remarkable advancements in the technology used by ophthalmologists across all subspecialties. From simplifying common procedures, to treating previously incurable conditions,...

Systemic sarcoidosis presenting with acute myopia and angle closure

Case report A 40-year-old Asian man presented to the Emergency Department with a one day history of sudden onset visual disturbance in his right eye. He complained of image distortion and noted that objects now appeared smaller. He also described...

Cataract surgery in patients being treated for neovascular AMD

This retrospective matched case control study evaluated outcomes and predictive factors of visual acuity (VA) change after cataract surgery in patients being treated for neovascular age related macular degeneration (nAMD). They compared 124 patients that had cataract surgery with 372...

Surgical strategies to manage incomitant strabismus in adults

Incomitant vertical and / or horizontal strabismus is a challenging presentation. Patients are usually symptomatic as the onset is either sudden so they haven’t developed any coping mechanisms or very complex so that any coping mechanisms will not cover all...