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Resurfacing the ocular surface

The ocular surface (OS) is an anatomical and functional unit made of the tear film, the conjunctival, limbal and corneal epithelium, the lacrimal, mucous and meibomian glands and the lids and blink reflex. The tear film is composed of a...

The past and the future for paediatric ophthalmology

The past 25 years have seen remarkable advances in clinical eye care for children in the UK. This has led to both improved outcomes and better patient and family experiences. There have been substantial changes to patient pathways, major advances...

Hot debates in medical retina and imaging: Perspectives from the Controversies in Ophthalmology 2020 virtual conference

Controversies in medical retina and imaging were debated during the Controversies in Ophthalmology 2020 virtual conference held during two mid-day scientific sessions on 27 and 28 March 2020. The author recounts key perspectives and presents viewpoint recommendations from the Vision...

25 years of OCT

David Huang first described optical coherence tomography (OCT) in 1991, in his seminal paper on the subject in Science. This method developed the work of others on ophthalmic interferometry, which essentially showed that measuring reflected light could be used to...

Systemic sarcoidosis presenting with acute myopia and angle closure

Case report A 40-year-old Asian man presented to the Emergency Department with a one day history of sudden onset visual disturbance in his right eye. He complained of image distortion and noted that objects now appeared smaller. He also described...

Management of diabetic macular oedema (DMO)

The authors present guidelines on current diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in the management of DMO. Fluorescein angiography (FA) and optical coherence tomography (OCT) are recommended before starting treatment to help diagnose and stage DMO, and can be repeated if there...

Ocular complications in retinal vasculitis

In this retrospective study the authors aimed to characterise the incidence rates of visual loss and ocular complications associated with retinal vasculitis (RV – annual incidence of 1-2/ 100000/ per annum). A secondary objective was to compare the visual outcomes...

The natural history of treatment naïve choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) in geographic atrophy

The aim of this retrospective study is to assess the characteristics and natural history of quiescent CNV in geographic atrophy (GA) utilising multi-modal imaging. Case notes were reviewed of patients diagnosed with geographic atrophy between January 2010 and December 2016...

RPE tears after intravitreal Lucentis

The current hypothesis regarding retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears is the contraction and fibrosis in choroidal neovascularisation (CNV) tissue after anti-VEGF therapy can induce rips in the overlying RPE. This South Korean study aimed to identify the association between RPE...

Trabeculectomy for normal tension glaucoma

This is a retrospective consecutive, non-comparative case series of 131 eyes of 98 patients undergoing trabeculectomy between 2007 and 2013 in a normal tension glaucoma (NTG) clinic. Assessment of the clinical outcomes include intraocular pressures (IOP) reduction, bleb formation, final...

OCT angiography and retinal vein occlusions

In this retrospective, observational case series, the authors set out to evaluate the morphology of the superficial and deep capillary plexa of eyes that suffered a retinal vein occlusion (RVO) on OCT angiography (OCTA) and compare the findings with fluorescein...

Efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept injection in wet age-related macular degeneration

This is a sub-group study of double masked review of patients randomised to different dosages and treatment frequency compared between aflibercept and ranibizumab treatment. This is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intravitreal aflibercept (IVT-AFL) in Japanese patients with...