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1267 results found

Choice of cycloplegia regime

The purpose of this randomised control trial (RCT) was primarily to compare the refractive outcome of atropine 0.5% (A) instilled twice daily at home 2.5 days before measurement versus two drops of 1% cyclopentolate (CC) in one eye versus one...

Effects of topical anaesthetic on intraocular pressure

This prospective interventional study assessed the effects of repeated intraocular pressure (IOP) using Goldmann applanation tonometry and applanation resonance tonometry in six volunteers. Previous literature supports IOP reduction using repeated applanation tonometry. Repeated IOP measures were taken alternately on 12...

Nepafenac punctal plugs after cataract surgery: a new alternative?

The nepafenac punctal plug delivery system (N-PPDS) is an experimental L-shaped plug made of nonbiodegradable, preservative-free medical-grade silicone. It can deliver a sustained level of nepafenac for six weeks. This is a prospective, randomised, parallel-arm, double-masked, placebo-controlled, phase II pilot...

Study shows laser treatment could significantly improve treatment for glaucoma in Africa

Results of a trial published in Lancet Global Health on 14/10/21 could pave the way for significant improvements in treatment for glaucoma in Sub-Saharan Africa.

Tetracaine to reduce OCR

This study investigates the effects of Tetracaine eye drops on oculocardiac reflex (OCR) during strabismus surgery. A randomised controlled trial of 70 strabismus surgery patients aged two to 19 years was conducted with comparison of Tetracaine versus placebo. Demographics were...

Beliefs and adherence to glaucoma treatment

The aim of the study was to determine adherence rates and beliefs about glaucoma and its treatment in white Americans, African Americans, white Australians and Singaporeans of Chinese descent. A cross-sectional study of 475 glaucoma patients using topical eye drops...

Patients use their own blood to treat dry eye symptoms

Simerdip Kaur takes a look at the latest ophthalmology-related news stories and asks which are based on facts and which are ‘fake news’? Headline: Patients use their own blood to treat dry eye symptoms Grossman first described the technique of...

Allergic eyelid dermatitis

This is a retrospective 12 year review of 61 patients diagnosed with periocular allergic dermatitis. The average age was 66 years, with 74% being female. The commonest indications for referral were epiphora, ectropion and blepharitis; and the main symptoms were...

How can Optometrists and Ophthalmologists safely see their patients?

The past several weeks have been difficult - and with the health and safety of health workers front of mind, Mainline Instrument...

Retrospective safety assessment of apraclonidine for diagnosis of Horner’s syndrome in children

Apraclonidine has been shown to reverse the anisocoria in Horner’s syndrome, with some reports of partial ptosis resolution. Side-effects of apraclonidine have been reported especially in children under six months old. The authors present a retrospective safety study of using...

Treatment of severe chronic ocular graft-versus-host disease

A retrospective study from Cologne, Germany, between November 2012 to March 2015, of 17 patients with graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) treated with 100% single use vials autologous serum eye drops in sealed system. Visual acuity, corneal staining, frequency of artificial tears,...

Efficacy of cyclo 1% spray

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of cyclopentolate 1% spray in patients aged three to six years. This was a cross section parallel group study of 61 children. Thirty-one received cyclo 1% drops and...