Inverted internal limiting membrane flap vs internal limiting membrane insertion technique for large macular holes

This meta-analysis aimed to compare and evaluate the morphological and functional outcomes between the inverted internal limiting membrane (ILM) flap and ILM insertion techniques in the treatment of large macular holes (MHs). The primary outcome measures were defined by the...

Do occult neuroretinitis and non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy differ in presentation?

This study evaluates differences between neuroretinitis and non-arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (NAAION) in terms of patient demographics, clinical presentation, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings. Medical records of patients with a final diagnosis of occult neuroretinitis or NAAION were...

A review of neuro and retinal imaging findings in Alzheimer’s disease

The authors present a systematic review with the aim of assessing the relationship between retinal and cerebral changes in Alzheimer’s disease (AD), mild cognitive impairment and pre-clinical AD. A total of 23 articles met the inclusion criteria of the review,...

Does the length of the school day have a role in age of myopia onset?

The authors prospectively collected the refractive data of myopic adults attending recruiting dispensing optician or ophthalmologist sites. Participants were recruited consecutively, giving verbal informed consent. Sites included a mix of urban and rural areas across eight sites. The following data...

BTA injection to treat convergence insufficiency

The outcomes of patients with convergence insufficiency (CI) treatment with botulinum toxin A (BTA) in one or both lateral rectus muscles are reported. This was a retrospective study of 23 patients; eight males, 15 female, mean age 59 years (range...

Outcomes of suture-less vs. sutured wound closure for paediatric cataract surgery

In this study the authors aimed to compare the incidence of postoperative complications between cases of suture-less and sutured wound closure in paediatric cataract surgery. This was a retrospective study of children aged <18 years and included 116 eyes of...

Psychological approach to treatment of accommodative / convergence anomalies

A case series is presented of affected children, young people and young adults with discussion of a psychological approach to aiding their accommodative problems. The psychological approach involved an information sheet provided at the end of assessment which included explanations...

Effectiveness of supramaximal horizontal surgery for third nerve palsy

The purpose of this study was to present the outcomes and progress of third nerve palsy cases after supra-maximal recession / resection. The aim is for an initial overcorrection of 15-25PD at day one. This was a retrospective study of...

Myopia in Han Chinese

The authors present a case-control study of 361 patients with high myopia (mean spherical equivalent of -6.0DS or lower, and axial length greater than or equal to 26mm) and 749 healthy controls (mean spherical equivalent -1.0 to +1.0DS). They tested...

New management algorithm for acute post cataract endophthalmitis

In this study, the authors aimed to establish an objective algorithm for recommending urgent pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) to help improve visual outcomes in the current era of clear corneal-incision phacoemulsification and small gauge PPV. This study examined 150 cases...

Cataract progression after Nd-YAG laser iridotomy in primary angle-closure suspect eyes

A total of 889 of eligible bilateral primary angle-closure suspect (PACS) patients were recruited from the Zhongshan Angle Closure Prevention Trial. One randomly selected eye received laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI), while the fellow remained untreated. Cataract was graded by the...