Outcomes of treat & extend ranibizumab in diabetic macular oedema

This study retrospectively evaluated 118 eyes of 87 patients who received ranibizumab in a treat and extend regimen for diabetic macular oedema (DMO). Data were collected for patients under follow-up for 24 months. After 24 months, patients gained a mean...

Investigating the effect of signal strength on mean retinal nerve fibre layer

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of signal strength on mean retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) using spectralis optical coherence tomography (S-OCT). Thirty normal subjects were imaged with S-OCT using variably dense Bangerter foils to alter...

Silicone oil in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Silicone oil (SO), used in complicated retinal detachments, is associated with complications such as cataract, increased intraocular pressure (IOP), keratopathy, cystoid macular oedema (CMO), epiretinal membrane (ERM) and loss of vision. Emulsification of oil can also lead to migration of...

Retinal vessel diameter in pseudoexfoliation

Pseudoexfolation (PEX) is characterised by deposition of fibrillary extracellular material on ocular and extraocular tissue. Studies have shown that deposition in vascular structures cause hypoxia and ischaemia. In the eye, a decrease in blood supply to the optic nerve can...

Progression of retinitis pigmentosa

This retrospective study evaluates the rate of progression of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using multimodal imaging, including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and microperimtery (MP). Traditional tests used to evaluate RP, for example, Goldmann visual fields and ERG...

DRIL after macular oedema treatment in BRVO

The authors report the analysis of a single-site, retrospective, cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between disorganisation of the retinal inner layers (DRIL) and visual acuity (VA) after anti-VEGF treatment for macular oedema (MO) due to branch retinal vein occlusion...

An atypical presentation of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease

The authors present a single case of atypical presentation of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. A 42-year-old female presented with unilateral visual loss associated with systemic symptoms of fever and headache. Initial ophthalmic examination revealed a unilateral neuroretinitis, however, investigations for infectious and...

Retinal ganglion cell loss in diabetes and diabetic retinopathy

The aim of this observational case control study was to evaluate the association of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy (DR) with retinal ganglion cell loss. Cases were Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes with and without DR, aged 40-80 years. Eligible...

Changes in Japanese eyes after laser peripheral iridotomy

The aim of this study was to evaluate laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) induced changes in anterior segment parameters, using the anterior segment optical coherence tomography (ASOCT). Seventy-two subjects of Japanese ethnicity with primary angle closure suspect (PACS), primary angle closure...

Retinal changes in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy

The objective of this study was to describe the changes in the retinal ganglion cell complex (GCC) relative to the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) over time, in patients with Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). For this study, 21 patients...

Using OCT to screen and monitor Alzheimer’s disease

Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is a neurodegenerative illness characterised by progressive decline in cognitive function. AD is the main cause of dementia worldwide. Over recent years researchers have strived to find biomarkers to diagnose AD, particularly in the early stages of...

Comparison of central laminar thickness in optic neuropathy and normal eyes

The study compares central laminar thickness (LT) among patients with glaucomatous optic neuropathy (GON), patients with non-GON and normal subjects. The non-GON group comprised eyes with demyelinating optic neuropathy (ON), anterior ischaemic ON, compressive ON, Leber hereditary ON and traumatic...

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