Using optical coherence tomography angiography to detect MoyaMoya vasculopathy

Moyamoya (MM) disease is a chronic cerebrovascular disease that can lead to progressive stenosis of the terminal portions of the internal carotid arteries and their proximal branches. The authors carried out a cross-sectional cohort study to investigate vascular changes in...

Does lower eyelid entropion repair alter corneal topography?

The authors aimed to analyse the corneal morphology before and after advancement of posterior lower eyelid retractors (LERs) alone or in combination with a lateral tarsal strip (LTS) for lower eyelid involutional entropion. Retrospective analysis of 24 consecutive elderly patients...

Occult central retinal artery occlusion

Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is a sight-threatening condition resulting from occlusion of the central retinal artery and hypoperfusion of the inner retina. Early on, fundal examination may be normal. The authors present a retrospective case series of 11 patients...

OCT biomarkers in asymmetric anti-VEGF response in bilateral diabetic macular oedema

This study aimed to identify optical coherence tomography (OCT) biomarkers for predicting response to anti-VEGF treatment in diabetic macular oedema (DMO). Bilateral DMO patients with asymmetric response to a loading dose of anti-VEGF (ranibizumab / aflibercept) treatment were retrospectively studied....

Outcomes of treat & extend ranibizumab in diabetic macular oedema

This study retrospectively evaluated 118 eyes of 87 patients who received ranibizumab in a treat and extend regimen for diabetic macular oedema (DMO). Data were collected for patients under follow-up for 24 months. After 24 months, patients gained a mean...

Investigating the effect of signal strength on mean retinal nerve fibre layer

The aim of this study was to determine the effect of signal strength on mean retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) using spectralis optical coherence tomography (S-OCT). Thirty normal subjects were imaged with S-OCT using variably dense Bangerter foils to alter...

Silicone oil in rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

Silicone oil (SO), used in complicated retinal detachments, is associated with complications such as cataract, increased intraocular pressure (IOP), keratopathy, cystoid macular oedema (CMO), epiretinal membrane (ERM) and loss of vision. Emulsification of oil can also lead to migration of...

Retinal vessel diameter in pseudoexfoliation

Pseudoexfolation (PEX) is characterised by deposition of fibrillary extracellular material on ocular and extraocular tissue. Studies have shown that deposition in vascular structures cause hypoxia and ischaemia. In the eye, a decrease in blood supply to the optic nerve can...

Progression of retinitis pigmentosa

This retrospective study evaluates the rate of progression of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using multimodal imaging, including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and microperimtery (MP). Traditional tests used to evaluate RP, for example, Goldmann visual fields and ERG...

DRIL after macular oedema treatment in BRVO

The authors report the analysis of a single-site, retrospective, cross-sectional study to evaluate the association between disorganisation of the retinal inner layers (DRIL) and visual acuity (VA) after anti-VEGF treatment for macular oedema (MO) due to branch retinal vein occlusion...

An atypical presentation of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada Disease

The authors present a single case of atypical presentation of Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada disease. A 42-year-old female presented with unilateral visual loss associated with systemic symptoms of fever and headache. Initial ophthalmic examination revealed a unilateral neuroretinitis, however, investigations for infectious and...

Retinal ganglion cell loss in diabetes and diabetic retinopathy

The aim of this observational case control study was to evaluate the association of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy (DR) with retinal ganglion cell loss. Cases were Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes with and without DR, aged 40-80 years. Eligible...

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