Aflibercept (AF) for age-related macular degeneration (ARMD): four-year outcomes of a ‘’treat-and-extend’ (T&E) regimen with exit-strategy

This is a retrospective observational study of 82 patients, between 2014 to 2016 from Switzerland of treatment-naive patients with nARMD, treated with AF, with specific T&E protocol without a loading phase and predefined exit criteria and patients were observed three...

Air tamponade in pars plana vitrectomy for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment repair

The authors report a study aimed to establish the use of air as a tamponade agent for primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) treatment, regardless of the position or the number of retinal breaks. Two hundred and thirty-six eyes of 230...

Retinal findings in COVID-19 patients

This is a single centre cross-sectional study from Brazil between 20 to 23 May 2020, with a total of 18 patients; nine male and median age was 62.5-years-old. 10/18 (55.6%) had retina abnormalities upon dilated eye examination. Flame-shaped haemorrhages were...

Detecting apoptosis in retinal cells

This is a review paper in which the authors summarise the transitioning of techniques detecting apoptosis from bench to bedside, along with the future possibilities they encase. Detection of Apoptosis in Retinal Cells (DARC) technology can be used as a...

Retinal changes prior to hydroxychloroquine toxicity

In this retrospective longitudinal study, the authors examined changes in retinal layer thickness in patients taking hydroxychloroquine without evidence of retinopathy. Patients were drawn from a hydroxychloroquine screening clinic and required at least two OCT scans, at least one year...

Anything new in the control of myopia progression?

This is a review article looking at up to date concepts and evidence in myopia control from current literature and studies. The authors identified that myopia control is best measured in absolute change in axial length as opposed to refraction...

Transient macular thinning with Densiron 68

Densiron 68 is a heavy silicone oil (HSO) used to treat rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD) with inferior retinal breaks. The authors compared changes in retinal thickness during and after the use of Densiron endotamponade, and looked at any association between...

Cataract extraction and microperimetry

In this study, the authors assessed retinal sensitivity before and after cataract extraction, in an effort to understand how lens opacities may affect microperimetry results in glaucoma and macular diseases. Thirty patients awaiting cataract extraction were examined and their lens...

Why is there subretinal fluid at the macula?

This is a review article looking at the differential diagnosis of subretinal fluid in the macula that could be diagnosed as central serous chorioretinopathy (CSCR). The authors have categorised them into 12 groups: neovascular diseases, vitelliform lesions, inflammatory diseases, ocular...

What is paracentral acute middle maculopathy?

This is a review article characterising a clinical entity called paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM). The article highlights the fact that retinal capillary plexuses are organised predominantly into three trilaminar capillary layers occupying the area between the nerve fibre layer...

Changes in drusen and retinal layer volumes prior to CNV development

This retrospective longitudinal study looked at patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in one eye who subsequently developed wet AMD in the fellow eye. The aim was to discover whether drusen characteristics or volumes of retinal layers correlate with...