Lens surgery in patients with lens subluxation misdiagnosed as primary angle-closure glaucoma

Lens subluxation can be caused by many conditions including Marfan syndrome and other hereditary conditions, and blunt trauma. Lens displacement can cause pupillary block and angle closure. This is commonly misdiagnosed as primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), which can lead...

Contact lenses for adults with infantile nystagmus

A pilot randomised controlled trial (RCT) was conducted to determine recruitment rates, acceptability of and adherence to treatment and adverse events along with change in best corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and nystagmus parameters from baseline to two weeks follow-up. The...

Cataract in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome

The authors present a prospective comparative study in 43 patients with (group 1) or without (group 2) pseudoexfoliation (PXF) undergoing cataract surgery. Anterior capsule samples were obtained in all patients and analysed for signs of apoptosis by using special staining...

Optical quality difference between monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses

It is well known that multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) can generate more than one focus to restore distance and near vision, but patients may experience adverse optical phenomena such as decreased contrast sensitivity and induced glare or halos. The authors...

GP contact lenses in nystagmus

The purpose of this study was to quantify and evaluate the effect of rigid gas permeable contact lenses (CLs) on visual acuity, contrast sensitivity and motor parameters of involuntary eye movements in hyperopic patients with infantile nystagmus syndrome (INS). This...

Reducing myopia progression

This paper reports a literature review to discuss the environmental considerations and treatment options that can prevent the progression of myopia, including time spent outdoors, reduction of near vision activities, spectacle types, contact lens type and pharmacological treatment. The review...

Bandage contact lens cultures after corneal collagen cross-linking

Corneal collagen cross-linking (CCL) is a treatment modality that has been shown to stop the progression of keratoconus. There have also been reports that CCL acts as an antimicrobiologic agent in treating resistant microbial keratitis. This study aimed to investigate...

Update on primary angle closure glaucoma

This review article considers primary angle-closure glaucoma which is responsible for half of glaucoma-related blindness worldwide. Angle closure is characterised by appositional contact between the iris and trabecular meshwork. It tends to develop in eyes with shallow anterior chambers, anteriorly...

Non-contact-lens-associated acanthamoeba keratitis

This retrospective study was done to study the clinical presentation and microbiological results of non-contact-lens-related acanthamoeba keratitis (AK). One hundred and ninety-four patients with microbiological / histopathological diagnosis of AK over four years were included. All patients had corneal scrapings...

Twenty-four hour IOP patterns in patients with thyroid eye disease (OO/GL)

Elevated IOP in patients with thyroid eye disease (TED) can be caused by restriction and compression of the globe by enlarged extraocular muscles, elevated episcleral venous pressure and increased mucopolysaccharide deposition in the trabecular meshwork. Although previous studies have investigated...

Autophagy in lens mitochondria loss

The lens consists of a monolayer of epithelial cells that overlies fibre cells that differentiate from epithelial cells at the equator. While developing, fibre cells need mitochondria to provide energy, as they mature they lose these and other organelles to...