Preoperative anxiety levels and pain during cataract surgery

Increased anxiety has been shown to be associated with greater pain in a number of procedures. In this observational, non-interventional study, the authors sought to evaluate the correlation between pain with phacoemulsification surgery (under topical and intracameral local anaesthesia) and...

Cystoid macular oedema following cataract surgery

This review covers the history, incidence, diagnosis, risk factors, pathophysiology and medical management of postoperative macular oedema (PCMO), with a particular emphasis on key contemporary studies and novel observations. The authors revisit the incidence of well-established risk factors including intraoperative...

Effect of cataract surgery on inflammation control and vision in uveitis patients

This retrospective longitudinal study from Moorfields, London, UK compared uveitis recurrence rates and vision loss in 309 eyes of uveitis patients post cataract surgery to 300 control uveitis patients. Cataract is a common complication associated with uveitis and leads to...

Diclofenac versus Bromfenac after cataract surgery

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used after cataract surgery to reduce inflammation and cystoid macular oedema (CMO). Diclofenac 0.1% is used three to five times daily for 28 days and Bromfenac 0.09% twice daily for 14 days postoperatively. The...

Temporal versus nasal clear corneal incisions

This is a prospective randomised study of 100 patients’ left eye having undergone phacoemulsification either by a 2.4mm nasal clear corneal incision (CCI) group or temporal CCI group. The corneal astigmatic changes were compared between groups by power vector analysis,...

Effect of phacoemulsification on facility of outflow

This is a prospective study to examine the change in electronic Schotz tonographic outflow (TOF) and IOP measurements after phacoemulsification. Intraocular pressure was measured using Goldman‘s applanation tonography (GAT). Data were collected at baseline, three, six and 12 months postoperatively....

Should intravitreal steroids be used in the initial treatment of post-op endophthalmitis?

Endophthalmitis following cataract surgery is one of the most feared complications, and can have significant impact on the visual outcomes of patients. The role of steroids in the management of endopthalmitis is controversial. The aim of this paper was to...

Cataract in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome

The authors present a prospective comparative study in 43 patients with (group 1) or without (group 2) pseudoexfoliation (PXF) undergoing cataract surgery. Anterior capsule samples were obtained in all patients and analysed for signs of apoptosis by using special staining...

Optical quality difference between monofocal and multifocal intraocular lenses

It is well known that multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) can generate more than one focus to restore distance and near vision, but patients may experience adverse optical phenomena such as decreased contrast sensitivity and induced glare or halos. The authors...

Intraocular surgical training – is there any inter-procedural transfer of skills?

Cataract surgery is the most commonly performed surgery during ophthalmology training. This study aims to investigate how experience in simulated cataract surgery impacts and transfers to the learning curves for novices in vitreoretinal surgery. Twelve ophthalmology residents without previous experience...

Biomechanical stabilisation of ocular measurements post cataract surgery

This prospective study looks into the time duration of biomechanical stabilisation post uneventful cataract surgery in a case series of 62 consecutive eyes in patients with no ocular or systemic comorbidity. The patients were followed-up at fixed intervals of one...

Impact on the corneal and anterior chamber characteristics after femtosecond laser cataract surgery

Femtosecond laser cataract surgery (FLACS) is being increasingly used in the preparation for cataract surgery. Benefits of circular capsulorrhexis and reduced phacoemulsification energy have been shown in the literature. This study was designed to assess the anterior chamber characteristics and...

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