PALs use for convergence excess esotropia

This retrospective study includes a disparate group of 39 esotropic patients with an accommodative element from two different clinics with differing prescribing practices. Seven children were excluded due to previous treatment or insufficient follow-up. In all patients single vision glasses...

Associations of esotropia with shunts

This study explored the characteristics and outcomes of children with esotropia and ventriculo-peritoneal (VP) shunt placement due to hydrocephalus. The authors conducted a retrospective study of 16 patients (nine female, seven male) aged three months to 5.6 years (mean 17...

BT outcome for CP and ET

The authors evaluate the clinical outcome of botulinum toxin (BT) injection in the correction of esotropia in 44 patients with cerebral palsy (CP). BT was injected under general anaesthesia without EMG guidance. Of the children, 47.7% were male and mean...

A case series of acquired esotropia in cerebellar disease

Acquired esotropia in cerebellar disease is well described but under-recognised. The pathogenesis of cerebellar esotropia is controversial. It is suggested it may be a result of disruption to central vestibular pathways. This article reports a case series of seven adults...

Glasses or not?

In this excellent review article, the authors discuss how some hyperopes avoid strabismus but also ask why the youngest infants escape strabismus and older patients go on to decompensate. The review considers a number of related aspects and their inter-relations...

  • 1
  • 2 (current)