Smartphone use and its effects on eyes

Longitudinal pilot study on 12 young healthy adults comparing effects of smartphone use over a 60-minute period. Reading conditions and smartphone use was standardised for all participants. Ocular symptoms, tear function and binocular vision were assessed before and after each...

AC/A measurement differences

The authors sought to investigate differences in stimulus accommodative convergence/accommodation (AC/A) ratio using various techniques and accommodative stimuli. The study included 81 orthoptic students; 15 males and 66 females with a mean age of 21 years ±1. Ocular deviation was...

Glasses or not?

In this excellent review article, the authors discuss how some hyperopes avoid strabismus but also ask why the youngest infants escape strabismus and older patients go on to decompensate. The review considers a number of related aspects and their inter-relations...