Cutaneous malignant melanoma metastasis to pseudophakic lens

Metastases to the eye and orbit are rare and intraocular cutaneous malignant melanoma metastasis (ICMM) is exceedingly rare, representing around 5%. There have only been three previous cases of ICMM to the lens in the literature, all of which presented...

Control of bleeding with diabetic vitrectomy under air

The authors describe a modified diabetic vitrectomy using continuous air infusion in diabetic eyes with severe fibrovascular proliferation. In their case series of 25 eyes (20 patients), intravitreal bevacizumab (1.25mg) was used one week prior to surgery. Fifteen eyes had...

Vitrectomy in retinal detachment associated with choroidal detachment

Hypotony, posterior retinal breaks, longer axial lengths and total retinal detachments (RD) are risk factors for development of RD associated with choroidal detachment (RRDCD). This study retrospectively analysed the anatomic outcomes and prognostic factors of vitrectomy in 175 patients with...

Incidence and risk factors of ocular hypertension following PPV and SOI

In this prospective, interventional study the authors evaluated the risk factors for elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) after pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) with silicone oil injection (SOI). This study included 254 eyes of 254 patients, with a mean age of 55.33...

Safety and outcome of microincision vitreous surgery in uveitis

This paper reports the outcomes of microincision vitreous surgery (MIVS) 23G/25G in uveitis of 103 patients (106 eyes) who underwent diagnostic MIVS over a period of four years at the Advanced Eye centre in Chandigarth India. The postoperative evaluation included...

Steroid implants in the treatment of post-epiretinal membrane peel macular oedema

This is a retrospective review of 39 eyes of 37 patients treated with Ozurdex® (intravitreal dexamethasone implant) for persistent post-operative cystoid macular oedema (CMO) following vitrectomy and idiopathic epiretinal membrane (ERM) peeling. The 0.7mg implant was injected in each eye...

Air toxicity on retinal pigment epithelium

This study investigated the potential toxic effects of air on primary human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vitro. Clinically during pars plana vitrectomy air is used as either a temporary tamponade during air-fluid exchange or mixed with gas to...

Diagnostic procedures in vitreoretinal lymphoma.

This paper presented a retrospective review of medical records of HIV negative immunocompetent patients diagnosed with vitreoretinal lymphoma between 1994 and 2012. The aim of the paper was to evaluate the type and number of diagnostic interventions required to confirm...

Vital dyes in ophthalmology

This comprehensive review gives an excellent summary of the uses and properties of the different dyes available to aid better visualisation and diagnoses in ophthalmology. The authors clearly display the pharmacological properties, molecular details, osmolarity and indications in clinical ophthalmology...

Early surgery for epiretinal membrane

This was a retrospective case review study in 120 consecutive patients with idiopathic epiretinal membrane. The average patient age was 72 years with a mean follow-up of 6.5 months. Inclusion criteria consisted of symptomatic patients with visual acuity of 1.0...