Retinal vessel diameter in pseudoexfoliation

Pseudoexfolation (PEX) is characterised by deposition of fibrillary extracellular material on ocular and extraocular tissue. Studies have shown that deposition in vascular structures cause hypoxia and ischaemia. In the eye, a decrease in blood supply to the optic nerve can...

The incidence of retinal vein occlusion in patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma

In this retrospective study the authors aimed to evaluate PXF as an independent risk factor for the occurrence of retinal vein occlusion (RVO). Three hundred PXF glaucoma patients (PXF group), 300 non-PXF glaucoma patients, and 599 non glaucoma non-PXF (nGnP...

Radiation maculopathy

This is a retrospective non-randomised study of 13 consecutive eyes of 13 patients affected by radiation maculopathy secondary to eye irradiation for primary uveal melanoma (Iodine-125 brachytherapy). All patients were treated with a single intravitreal 0.7mg dexamethasone implant and full...

Reduction of severe visual loss and complications following IAC for RB

This was a retrospective cohort study of patients with retinoblastoma (RB) who required intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) between 2013 and 2015, who had relapsed following systemic chemotherapy. A total of nine patients were included in the study and their ocular complications...

Beware the disc in myopic patients

Glaucoma is a chronic and progressive optic neuropathy characterised by damage of retinal ganglion cells. Evaluation of structural damage of the optic nerve is important in glaucoma diagnosis. The ISNT rule states that the neuroretinal rim width is generally widest...

International variations in ROP treatment

A retrospective cohort review of 48,087 premature infants weighing <1500 gm between 24 to 27 weeks gestation, from 11 high income countries in Australia, New Zealand, Canada, Finland, Israel, Japan, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Tuscany (Italy) and the UK . By...

CD40L activation of human RPE cells

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is the leading cause of reduced visual acuity in the elderly worldwide. The risk factors involved in AMD include smoking and diet, while genetics have been shown to have a significant role. Recently a link between...

Treatment of Type 1 ROP with intravitreal bevacizumab or laser photocoagulation according to retinal zone

This is a retrospective review of charts of 54 consecutive very low birth weight (VLBW) infants between June 2011 and January 2015 from Berlin, Germany. Type 1 ROP (posterior ROP, n=33; peripheral zone 2, n= 21) were treated with either...

IAC vs. IVC chemotherapy for RB

This a single centre retrospective review of consecutive patients between 1997 and 2014, of all sporadic unilateral retinoblastoma (RB) group D cases, treated with combined intravenous chemotherapy (IVC) and focal treatments (1997- 2008), or intra-arterial chemotherapy (IAC) treatment (2008 to...

Conversion factors for fovea on / off detachments

This is a retrospective study of medical records in a single unit over a 14 year period from January 2001 – December 2014, of patients who converted from fovea-on to fovea-off rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). Ten cases were identified while...

Importing iron to the retina

In the retina, iron is particularly critical for the visual phototransduction cascade. In the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE), RPE65 activity leads to 11-cis-retinaldehyde, the photosensitive component of rhodopsin production and iron containing enzymes are necessary for disc replacement in photoreceptor...

Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) associated cystoid macular oedema (CMO)

This is a review article from two units in the UK and Australia, highlighting the supporting evidence of possible pathogenesis and treatment modalities of CMO in RP. The authors proposed that the likely mechanisms for RP-CMO involved the breakdown of...