This is a review article looking at up to date concepts and evidence in myopia control from current literature and studies. The authors identified that myopia control is best measured in absolute change in axial length as opposed to refraction error. The authors encourage the use of Cumulative, Absolute and Reduction in axial Elongation (CARE) in measuring myopia outcomes. They sound caution that myopia control treatment efficacy is not as good as previously thought. Finally, past progression is not a good indicator of future progression and the authors feel all myopic children aged 12 and under should be treated and treated aggressively.