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Advanced Glaucoma Surgery Course in Africa through the Juba-Bournemouth VISION 2020 LINK

In order to enhance specialist skills, particularly for South Sudan, the Juba-Bournemouth VISION 2020 LINK has been offering week-long intensive ophthalmic specialist training for the last three years, in collaboration with the University of Nairobi, the College of Ophthalmology of...

Correlation between aqueous flare and macular microvascular status in diabetes mellitus

The authors report a cross-sectional study which was conducted to investigate the correlation between aqueous flare and macular microvascular status, assessed by optic coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in diabetes mellitus. Fifty-two diabetic patients with non-proliferative retinopathy, 44 diabetic patients without...

Abducens nerve palsy following surgical correction of craniosynostosis

The authors present two cases of unilateral abducens palsy secondary to a recent trans-sutural distraction osteogenesis (TSuDO) operation for craniosynostosis. The basic principle of the TSuDO procedure is described as dissection and distraction of the prematurely fused sutures. This complication...

Intraocular Inflammation

Intraocular Inflammation is an encyclopedic treatise on uveitis. The editors have invited several experts in the field to author different chapters and provide the reader with an excellent repository of knowledge, experience and evidence on the subject. The approach to...

Pupil abnormalities after orbital surgery

This is a retrospective review of 287 patients who underwent removal of an orbital cavernous haemangioma (cavernous venous malformation), to ascertain the incidence of surgically induced pupillary abnormalities. Forty-four patients had lesions removed from the anterior or extraconal orbit, none...

Delayed EPBRT efficacy in retinoblastoma

This is a retrospective medical records review of 50 patients (54 eyes) with retinoblastoma (RB), who received I-125 episcleral plaque brachytherapy (EPBRT) prior to (primary) or following chemoreduction (delayed) alone and in combination with non-irradiative focal therapy. Fifty-six plaques were...

The interpretation and use of ultrasound biomicroscopy (part 1)

Ultrasound Biomicroscopy (UBM) has become increasingly important for the diagnosis of a variety of anterior segment pathologies. Most ophthalmologists are familiar with conventional B-scan ultrasonography techniques, which operate at lower sound frequencies (7.5 to 20MHz). UBM is an ultrasound technique...

Insects, swelling and sight loss: a case of orbital inflammatory syndrome

Despite being the most common cause of painful orbital mass in adults and the third most common orbital disease, orbital inflammatory syndrome still proves to be a difficult ocular condition to diagnose, treat, and manage. A 41-year-old lady presented to...

21st Century retinal laser treatment in the anti-VEGF era

In today’s world, macular laser treatment has a vital role in the treatment of diabetic macular oedema (DMO). DMO is one of the most common causes of visual impairment. Despite expensive intravitreal treatment courses of anti-VEGF, many will agree that...

Uveal melanoma

Uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular tumour. However, they are still rare, with an incidence of 2-8 per million [1]. The presence of a choroidal naevus is a risk factor for uveal melanoma [1]. Patients with choroidal lesions...

Improved efficacy expected with second-generation microinvasive glaucoma surgery (MIGS) devices

Microinvasive surgical approaches to primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) offer minimally traumatic options for effective intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction in appropriately selected glaucoma patients. Increases in laser trabeculoplasty rates and wider adoption of glaucoma drainage device filtration procedures, together with the...

Factors leading to loss to follow-up after strabismus surgery in children.

One hundred and fourteen patients were identified as lost to follow-up between 2014 and 2020, representing 16% of paediatric strabismus surgery performed during this time period. The authors specifically defined lost to follow-up as not attending follow-up appointments between three...