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The paediatric cataract: an overview of the diagnosis and management

In this second article (see first article here), Samuel Aryee and Rhys Dumont Jones review the challenges involved in managing this condition. Examination and diagnosis Cataracts in children can appear in a variety of forms, each presenting in a different...

Simulated intravitreal injection training – the way forward

Simulated surgical training is now recommended in the training curricula of all ophthalmologists in the United Kingdom [1]. Simulated training allows for familiarisation with a procedure, exercises the discipline of repetition, allows the resolution of technical difficulties and enables refinement...

Aug/Sep 2015 Quiz 2

History A two-year-old female child presented with loss of vision in her left eye. Examination showed leukocoria and intraocular calcification was identified on scanning. The suspected diagnosis was intraocular retinoblastoma and the child underwent an enucleation. The eyeball was submitted...

Apr/May 2015 Quiz

History A 60-year-old man presented to the ophthalmologists with painful blurred left vision. Examination revealed a white vascular mass, occupying 60% of the anterior chamber space, arising from the iris. After conservative therapy, no useful vision remained. The eye was...

Lines, dots, spots and rings in ophthalmology: understanding eponyms

Eponymous names are familiar to all who have undergone undergraduate and postgraduate training in medicine. The ability to name a few allows one to stand out among your peers and rare, or not so rare, eponymous syndromes are a favourite...

Doctor prints cornea on demand!

Simerdip Kaur takes a look at the latest ophthalmology-related news stories and asks which are based on facts and which are ‘fake news’. Headline: Doctor prints cornea on demand! Dr Hideo Kodama from the Nagoya Municipal Industrial Research Institute first...

The blue-light hazard – is it true?

Simerdip Kaur takes a look at the latest ophthalmology-related news stories and asks which are based on facts and which are ‘fake news’. Headline: The blue-light hazard – is it true? Blue light is part of the visible optical spectrum...

Ocular Dirofilariasis: a diagnosis on the rise?

Dirofilaria repens is one of 40 species of Dirofilaria. It is a zoonotic filarial nematode that commonly impacts dogs, however, human infection can occur through affected organs like skin, lung and eyes [1]. Although, there have been case reports of...

Trabeculectomy for normal tension glaucoma

This is a retrospective consecutive, non-comparative case series of 131 eyes of 98 patients undergoing trabeculectomy between 2007 and 2013 in a normal tension glaucoma (NTG) clinic. Assessment of the clinical outcomes include intraocular pressures (IOP) reduction, bleb formation, final...

SS-OCT assessment of ITC after phacoemulsification

This is a multicentre randomised controlled trial of 22 patients with primary angle closure glaucoma with peripheral anterior synechia and peripheral primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) with peripheral anterior synechia (PAS) detected by indentation gonioscopy was randomised into two groups....

Outcomes of hemi DMEK

This was a prospective, interventional case series of 10 eyes from 10 patients who underwent hemi-descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (hemi-DMEK) for Fuchs endothelial dystrophy. The surgical technique for hemi DMEK procedure was similar to the circular DMEK except that a...

Long-term meibomian gland function following a single thermal pulsation treatment

Dry eyes secondary to blepharitis and or meibomian gland dysfunction, though extremely common, is an annoyingly difficult condition to treat for several patients. Part of this difficulty lies in the inability of most patients to follow intensive and often times...