OSCAR for anterior approach ptosis surgery

The authors report an International Council of Ophthalmology (ICO) Ophthalmology Surgical Competency Assessment Rubric (OSCAR) for anterior approach ptosis surgery. An international panel of content experts, representing Australia, India, Iran, Italy, Turkey, United Kingdom and the United States of America...

Cataract in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome

The authors present a prospective comparative study in 43 patients with (group 1) or without (group 2) pseudoexfoliation (PXF) undergoing cataract surgery. Anterior capsule samples were obtained in all patients and analysed for signs of apoptosis by using special staining...

Somatostatin protects retinal pericytes

Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a complication of diabetes, caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the retinal microvasculature. Mechanisms, such as oxidative stress and deposition of advanced glycation end products, leads to glial cell activation and neuronal apoptosis. Pericytes, contractile...

Efficacy of browpexy with blepharoplasty

This is a retrospective case series evaluating the efficacy of and comparing the surgical results between internal (IB) and external browpexy (EB) surgery in lifting central and lateral brow. Patients who underwent blepharoplasty without brow lift were used as a...

An unusual third nerve palsy case report

The authors present the unusual case of a 23-year-old male presenting to hospital with right eye pain, right upper eyelid ptosis, blurred vision and diplopia, developing immediately after a penetrating injury to his right upper eyelid. On assessment he was...

An unusual case of partial oculomotor nerve palsy

The authors present an unusual case of intra-axial oculomotor nerve involvement due to midbrain infarction. The 65-year-old male patient presented with unilateral complete blepharoptosis and slight limitation of upgaze. Neurological examination revealed a complete ptosis of the left eyelid, slight...

Characteristics of ptosis in Iranian children

A cross-section study was undertaken to determine the prevalence of ptosis (congenital and acquired) and its risk factors in Iranian children. The target population was children aged seven years in urban areas of Iran. Seventy schools of eight cities were...

PD-1 and retinal ganglion cell death

Death of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in conditions like glaucoma leads to permanent visual loss. RGC death can be due to the initial stress such as raised intraocular pressure or secondary to mechanism such as oxidative stress. Programmed cell death-1...

Case reports of neuro-ophthalmological complications of CIPD

The authors present three cases of neuro-ophthalmological complications of chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyradiculoneuropathy (CIPD). CIPD can lead to prominent nerve hypertrophy which can mimic other forms of neuropathy radiologically. In addition, complications can occur which can cause diagnostic difficulties. All...