Histopathological changes in rabbit retinitis pigmentosa

The authors report the histopathological changes of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs), optic disc and optic nerve in rabbit with advanced retinitis pigmentosa (RP). RP was recreated in rabbits by using bacterial artificial chromosome transgenesis, with the purpose of increasing understanding...

Changes in parafoveal retinal thickness after bariatric surgery in type 2 diabetics

Bariatric surgery induces an instant normalisation of blood glucose in as many as 80% of patients with type 2 diabetes. It has been previously reported that diabetic retinopathy (DR) is stable within one year after bariatric surgery. In this study,...

Retinoblastoma chemotherapeutic drugs and their toxic effects on RPE cells

There is reported clinical evidence of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) alterations after intra-arterial (IAC) and intravitreal chemotherapy (IViC) of retinoblastoma. The purpose of this study was to investigate the cellular toxic effects of melphalan, topotecan and carboplatin on the RPE...

Retinal ganglion cell loss in diabetes and diabetic retinopathy

The aim of this observational case control study was to evaluate the association of diabetes and diabetic retinopathy (DR) with retinal ganglion cell loss. Cases were Chinese patients with type 2 diabetes with and without DR, aged 40-80 years. Eligible...

Retinal changes in Leber hereditary optic neuropathy

The objective of this study was to describe the changes in the retinal ganglion cell complex (GCC) relative to the retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) over time, in patients with Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON). For this study, 21 patients...

Hereditary profile of retinal detachment

This review sought to clarify some of the heritable elements of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD). The familial element of RRD is well established, with the sibling recurrence risk ratio being 2.1 (Mitry and colleagues), and the parent-offspring recurrence risk ratio...

Automated Bruckner device accuracy

The authors developed a Bruckner device, examined volunteers and determined the relation between the luminance of the red fundus reflex and eye rotation. Eye rotation was varied continuously both horizontally (-7 to 8 degrees) and vertically (five degree total range)...

PD-1 and retinal ganglion cell death

Death of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in conditions like glaucoma leads to permanent visual loss. RGC death can be due to the initial stress such as raised intraocular pressure or secondary to mechanism such as oxidative stress. Programmed cell death-1...

ARN in North Africa

Acute retinal necrosis (ARN) is a rare cause of uveitis. This paper aims to outline the clinical features of 12 patients with ARN in a referral centre in Tunisia, North Africa. A retrospective review of case notes was carried out....

A case series of acute visual loss following excessive alcohol and / or drug use

This study presents three cases of so called Saturday night retinopathy, an acute visual loss following intravenous drug abuse and stupor, leading to continuous pressure on the orbit while asleep. All three cases presented with acute vision loss and had...

Air toxicity on retinal pigment epithelium

This study investigated the potential toxic effects of air on primary human retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) cells in vitro. Clinically during pars plana vitrectomy air is used as either a temporary tamponade during air-fluid exchange or mixed with gas to...

Structural effects of migraine on the retina

Migraine is a common, chronic, multifactorial neuro-vascular disorder typically characterised by recurrent attacks of disabling headache and autonomic nervous system dysfunction (migraine without aura). Up to one third of patients also have neurological aura symptoms (migraine with aura). The objective...