Distribution, progression, and outcomes of inflammatory chorioretinal lesions

This study investigated the distribution and progression of multifocal choroiditis (MFC) inflammatory lesions in 25 eyes of 20 patients and their correlations with clinical outcomes at 24 months. The distribution of choroiditis inflammatory lesions were evaluated semi-automatically using a dedicated...

Detection of SO tendon abnormality versus atrophy

This study aimed to evaluate patterns of binocular misalignment in primary gaze, lateral and vertical gaze, and head tilt in patients showing head-tilt dependent hypertropia associated with discontinued superior oblique (SO) tendon but without SO muscle atrophy, versus patients with...

Care pathway for isolated orbital blowout fractures

The authors conducted a literature review to inform the development of a care pathway for the assessment and management of adult fractures, specifically isolated fractures not combined with facial or systemic injury. Assessments included a core of Hess chart, field...

Sickle cell maculopathy

This paper reports the result of a prospective study to analyse the prevalence of sickle cell maculopathy (SCM) and its associations with age, sex, genotype, proliferative sickle cell retinopathy (PSR) stage, and the impact on visual acuity (VA). This study...

Accuracy of clinician vs. radiologic interpretation of the imaging of orbital lesions

This is a retrospective study of 242 patients who underwent surgical orbitomy at University of California Davis Health between 1 January 2000 and 20 May 2019. The preoperative imaging with radiologist’s interpretation, clinical assessment with clinician’s interpretation of imaging, and...

Surgical outcomes of isolated medial rectus palsy

Isolated medial rectus is a rare clinical entity. This prospective study of 32 patients from China showed that this was caused most commonly by iatrogenic injury (43.75%), trauma (37.50%) and congenital (18.75%) causes. An average of 60 ±25 prism dioptres...

Brain abnormality as risk factor for consecutive exotropia

The authors evaluated and compared the cerebral MRI findings in operated infantile esotropia cases with and without consecutive exotropia. This was a retrospective study of 28 patients. Group 1 had 17 cases of consecutive exotropia with a mean follow-up of...

A case study of posterior globe flattening in idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The authors present a single case of posterior globe flattening without papilloedema in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The case was a 64-year-old woman with a one-year history of transient visual loss in her left eye only. Visual acuity was 20/20 in...

Anatomical and functional outcomes following switching from aflibercept to ranibizumab in NARMD

This is a six-month, prospective, single-arm study in the UK and Germany. A total of 100 patients were enrolled (one in the primary failure group, 99 in the suboptimal treatment response group), treated three-monthly intravitreal ranibizumab injections (0.5mg), and then...

Colour Doppler imaging before and after orbital decompression in thyroid eye disease

In this prospective, uncontrolled study euthyroid patients with moderate to severe inactive thyroid eye disease underwent colour Doppler imaging before and after orbital decompression. Patients with dysthyroid optic neuropathy, corneal breakdown, systemic disease (diabetes, cerebrovascular accident, cardiovascular and peripheral vascular...

Progression of retinitis pigmentosa

This retrospective study evaluates the rate of progression of retinitis pigmentosa (RP) using multimodal imaging, including spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT), fundus autofluorescence (FAF) and microperimtery (MP). Traditional tests used to evaluate RP, for example, Goldmann visual fields and ERG...

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