A novel way to distinguish between types of anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy

The authors evaluate the monocyte to high-density lipoprotein (HDL) ratio (MHR) in patients with arteritic and non arteritic anterior ischaemic optic neuropathy (A-AION / NA-AION). A distinction between the two types of AION is essential to begin appropriate treatment, which...

Topical nonsteroidal ant-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) in patients undergoing cataract surgery

Inflammation is a major risk factor for the development of cystoid macular oedema (CMO) after cataract surgery, leading to breakdown of the blood-retina barrier. There is a correlation between severity of CMO and level of postoperative inflammation. Laser flare meter...

Cutaneous malignant melanoma metastasis to pseudophakic lens

Metastases to the eye and orbit are rare and intraocular cutaneous malignant melanoma metastasis (ICMM) is exceedingly rare, representing around 5%. There have only been three previous cases of ICMM to the lens in the literature, all of which presented...

Orbital manifestations of granulomatosis with polyangitis

This a retrospective, observational study where authors looked at the ophthalmological examination, biopsy, antibodies and CT scan results of all patients diagnosed with granulomatosis with polyangitis (GPA) from January 2007-January 2019. Out of 101 patients with diagnosis of GPA, 15...

IOP in children with uveitis

This is a retrospective study of paediatric uveitis (<16-years-old) between July 2002 to June 2016 of a total of 320 children from a single centre: 17.2 % (55/320 patients) developed raised IOP requiring therapy; 11.5% of eyes required glaucoma surgery...

Diclofenac versus Bromfenac after cataract surgery

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are commonly used after cataract surgery to reduce inflammation and cystoid macular oedema (CMO). Diclofenac 0.1% is used three to five times daily for 28 days and Bromfenac 0.09% twice daily for 14 days postoperatively. The...

Features of Behcet’s disease

This is a retrospective single centre study from Paris, France, between the periods of 1986 to 2015. Twenty-nine out of 217 (13.3%) neuro-Behcet’s disease (NBD) patients presented with neuro-ophthalmic manifestations (55% of men and mean age of 28 years). Sixteen...

Review of extraocular muscle biopsies and utility of biopsy in extraocular muscle enlargement

This is a retrospective case series study from Melbourne, Australia, of 93 patients with extraocular muscle (EOM) enlargement who underwent an EOM biopsy between March 1992 and January 2017. Statistical analysis was performed to compare the data between patients with...

Meta-analysis of HLA B27 associated acute anterior uveitis

A literature-based meta-analysis was carried out to look at the various clinical features associated with HLA- B27 acute anterior uveitis (AAU). After an extensive search of literature for HLA B27 uveitis was conducted, 735 results were obtained. Twenty-nine articles were...

IgG4 related orbital disease

This retrospective study was done to determine the prevalence of IgG4 related orbital disease (IgG4ROD) in patients who previously had biopsies for suspected idiopathic orbital inflammatory disease (IOID) and / or orbital lymphoproliferative disease (OLD). The charts and slides of...

Trochleitis features

The authors evaluate the epidemiology, clinical signs, treatment and outcomes of trochleitis in a retrospective review of 59 cases. Estimated prevalence was 12 per 100,000. Eighty-six percent were female and mean age was 43±18 years. All but one case was...

MISS vs. fornix approach

The objectives of this study were to compare minimally invasive strabismus surgery (MISS) with the fornix approach in paediatric horizontal strabismus surgery (<12 years) and to evaluate early postoperative inflammation, visual acuity and operating time after a four-year training period...

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