Care pathway for isolated orbital blowout fractures

The authors conducted a literature review to inform the development of a care pathway for the assessment and management of adult fractures, specifically isolated fractures not combined with facial or systemic injury. Assessments included a core of Hess chart, field...

Retinal findings in COVID-19 patients

This is a single centre cross-sectional study from Brazil between 20 to 23 May 2020, with a total of 18 patients; nine male and median age was 62.5-years-old. 10/18 (55.6%) had retina abnormalities upon dilated eye examination. Flame-shaped haemorrhages were...

Detecting apoptosis in retinal cells

This is a review paper in which the authors summarise the transitioning of techniques detecting apoptosis from bench to bedside, along with the future possibilities they encase. Detection of Apoptosis in Retinal Cells (DARC) technology can be used as a...

Sickle cell maculopathy

This paper reports the result of a prospective study to analyse the prevalence of sickle cell maculopathy (SCM) and its associations with age, sex, genotype, proliferative sickle cell retinopathy (PSR) stage, and the impact on visual acuity (VA). This study...

Accuracy of clinician vs. radiologic interpretation of the imaging of orbital lesions

This is a retrospective study of 242 patients who underwent surgical orbitomy at University of California Davis Health between 1 January 2000 and 20 May 2019. The preoperative imaging with radiologist’s interpretation, clinical assessment with clinician’s interpretation of imaging, and...

Surgical outcomes of isolated medial rectus palsy

Isolated medial rectus is a rare clinical entity. This prospective study of 32 patients from China showed that this was caused most commonly by iatrogenic injury (43.75%), trauma (37.50%) and congenital (18.75%) causes. An average of 60 ±25 prism dioptres...

Changes in drusen and retinal layer volumes prior to CNV development

This retrospective longitudinal study looked at patients with wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD) in one eye who subsequently developed wet AMD in the fellow eye. The aim was to discover whether drusen characteristics or volumes of retinal layers correlate with...

Brain abnormality as risk factor for consecutive exotropia

The authors evaluated and compared the cerebral MRI findings in operated infantile esotropia cases with and without consecutive exotropia. This was a retrospective study of 28 patients. Group 1 had 17 cases of consecutive exotropia with a mean follow-up of...

A case study of posterior globe flattening in idiopathic intracranial hypertension

The authors present a single case of posterior globe flattening without papilloedema in idiopathic intracranial hypertension. The case was a 64-year-old woman with a one-year history of transient visual loss in her left eye only. Visual acuity was 20/20 in...

Anatomical and functional outcomes following switching from aflibercept to ranibizumab in NARMD

This is a six-month, prospective, single-arm study in the UK and Germany. A total of 100 patients were enrolled (one in the primary failure group, 99 in the suboptimal treatment response group), treated three-monthly intravitreal ranibizumab injections (0.5mg), and then...

Colour Doppler imaging before and after orbital decompression in thyroid eye disease

In this prospective, uncontrolled study euthyroid patients with moderate to severe inactive thyroid eye disease underwent colour Doppler imaging before and after orbital decompression. Patients with dysthyroid optic neuropathy, corneal breakdown, systemic disease (diabetes, cerebrovascular accident, cardiovascular and peripheral vascular...

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