You searched for "retina"

1182 results found

PD-1 and retinal ganglion cell death

Death of retinal ganglion cells (RGC) in conditions like glaucoma leads to permanent visual loss. RGC death can be due to the initial stress such as raised intraocular pressure or secondary to mechanism such as oxidative stress. Programmed cell death-1...

ILM peeling in primary rhegmatogenous retinal detachment

This author retrospectively analysed the correlation between internal limiting membrane (ILM) peeling and the occurrence of a postoperative epiretinal membrane (ERM) in patients who underwent vitrectomy for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RD). There were 135 medical records investigated. Seventy patients underwent...

Retinal prosthetics: science fiction or a vision for the future?

“Is it a fact – or have I dreamt it – that, by means of electricity, the world of matter has become a great nerve, vibrating thousands of miles in a breathless point of time?” – Nathaniel Hawthorne, The House...

Transfected RPE cells inhibit AMD in rats

Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) is a leading cause of blindness in the elderly. Wet AMD is characterised by choroidal neovascularisation, new vessels into the retina, leading to leakage and tissue damage. Many proangiogenic factors particularly vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)...

Hyper reflective foci (HRF) on OCT in diabetic retinopathy

This study investigated the presence of hyper reflective foci (HRF) in asymptomatic patients affected by type 1 or type 2 diabetes, separately, without clinically significant diabetic macular oedema and visual impairment. In total 71 eyes with non-proliferative diabetic retinopathy were...

The bionic eye – behind the headlines

Multiple visual prosthetic projects and other vision regeneration initiatives being tested in preclinical and clinical development worldwide illustrate continuing progress and opportunities in addressing profound blindness from hereditary retinal diseases and other causes (Table 1). Three implantable bionic vision systems...

Retinal arteriovenous malformation

A 24-year-old Caucasian girl reported to the eye clinic with the complaint of painless decreased vision in her right eye. She had no history of infectious disease, trauma, systemic malignancy or other systemic complaint. Her best corrected visual acuity was...

Transient macular thinning with Densiron 68

Densiron 68 is a heavy silicone oil (HSO) used to treat rhegmatogenous retinal detachments (RRD) with inferior retinal breaks. The authors compared changes in retinal thickness during and after the use of Densiron endotamponade, and looked at any association between...

Does religious fasting affect intraocular pressure or retinal parameters?

Nearly one billion Muslims fast every year during the month of Ramadan. Due to the difference between the lunar and solar calendars, religious fasting time can range from 11 to 17 hours per day. This prolonged abstinence from food and...

OCT angiography in PAMM secondary to CRVO

Paracentral acute middle maculopathy (PAMM) is a recently described manifestation presenting with hyperreflective bands within mid retina on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD OCT). The current view is that these findings are markers of ischaemia of deep retinal circulation....

Optical coherence tomography in patients exposed to vigabatrin

Vigabatrin is used to treat epilepsy and can lead to increased levels of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain and in the retina leading to binasal visual field defects. Although not the first line of treatment for adults it is...

Retinal vascular occlusion from gentamicin injection post-vitrectomy

The authors present two case reports for the rare, but serious, complication of retinal vascular occlusion as a presumed result of subconjunctival injection following 25-gauge vitrectomy. Risk factors for the complication include: cardiovascular disease, retrobulbar anaesthesia, high intraocular pressure (IOP)...