You searched for "proptosis"

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Retinal prosthetics: science fiction or a vision for the future?

“Is it a fact – or have I dreamt it – that, by means of electricity, the world of matter has become a great nerve, vibrating thousands of miles in a breathless point of time?” – Nathaniel Hawthorne, The House...

Forward-tilt technique for intraocular pressure measurement in upgaze

The authors suggest a technique to improve the accuracy of measuring IOP in upgaze using Goldmann applanation tonometry. Graves’ ophthalmopathy, also known as thyroid eye disease, is an autoimmune inflammatory condition affecting the orbit and periorbital tissues [1]. It was...

Visual prognosis in Irish Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy

Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) is an inherited optic neuropathy This paper presents a retrospective review of clinical data from patients with LHON presenting to an Irish tertiary referral ophthalmic hospital. Clinical and genetic characteristics were assessed for useful biomarkers...

OCT prognostic factors in AMD patients with peripapillary choroidal neovascularisation

In this retrospective study the authors aimed to investigate the correlation between optical coherence tomography (OCT) findings and visual acuity outcomes after treatment with intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) injections for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) patients with peripapillary choroidal neovascularisation (PPCNV). Data...

Headaches in ophthalmology (part 2)

Ophthalmologists see a large number of patients with headaches or facial pain in the ophthalmic outpatient clinics or in emergency clinics. Over two articles, I will discuss several causes of headaches, ocular manifestations and proposed management and referral options. It...

Views invited on the future Special Schools Eye Care Service

NHS England are consulting on the current model of the Special Schools Eye Care service that is live in 83 schools across England.

Retinoblastoma management update (part 2): treatment, screening and surveillance, long-term follow-up and new developments

Retinoblastoma treatment requires significant multidisciplinary input, but early detection through raising awareness remains key to improving outcomes. In the second article of a two-part series, Manoj Parulekar discusses retinoblastoma management, screening and research. This article has been published in two...

A novel presentation of optic disc oedema with syphilis

Optic disc oedema (ODE) due to syphilis without visual compromise has been primarily attributed to papilloedema from raised intracranial pressure or optic perineuritis from optic nerve sheath inflammation. These terms were proposed before magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was largely available....

Paediatric ptosis

Manoj Parulekar and colleagues provide a comprehensive overview of the diagnosis, assessment and management of childhood ptosis. Blepharoptosis (commonly referred to as ptosis – Greek, πτῶσις, ‘to fall’) is a condition where the upper eyelid is in an abnormally low...

Recurrent corneal erosions secondary to isotretinoin use

Isotretinoin (13–cis-retinoic acid) is the first line treatment for moderate to severe nodulocystic or papulopustular acne [1,2]. Although it is a safe medication, it has several adverse side-effects, including ophthalmic manifestations, as shown in Table 1 [3]. These side-effects need...

Clinical presentation, management, and outcomes in posterior segment open globe injuries

This is a retrospective, non-comparative, interventional case study of patients presenting with scleral and corneoscleral wounds covering a five-year period. It reports the clinical presentation, management, and factors affecting the outcomes of posterior segment open globe injuries (OGI) in 2360...

Oral proton pump inhibitors in macular degeneration patients

The authors report five patients with advanced wet macular degeneration and poor vision with onset or enhancement of visual hallucinations with the use of proton pump inhibitors for heartburn management. The hallucinations were reversible with discontinuation of medication. The authors...