You searched for "proptosis"

3215 results found

Cancer associated retinopathy

Abdul Muhyemin Tarin reviews the presentation, pathophysiology and management of this paraneoplastic syndrome. Case presentation A 60-year-old hypermetropic female patient presented with several months’ history of painless blurred vision. Visual acuity (VA) was 6/24 and 6/9-1 in right and left...

Risk factors and prognosis of paediatric open globe injuries

This retrospective, comparative, interventional case-control study was aimed to investigate possible risk factors and prognosis of initial no light perception (NLP) in paediatric open globe injuries (POGI). A total of 851 cases were reviewed, including 837 unilateral cases and 14...

Imaging findings for macular dysplasia in nystagmus

This paper reports the retrospective analysis of congenital macular dysplasia in patients with albinism, macular heterotopias, congenital aniridia, foveal hypoplasia, congenital macular coloboma and congenital retinoschisis. The study included 29 eyes of 17 patients. The authors report SD-OCT aids diagnosis...

Typical or surprisingly uncharacteristic presentations of neuro-ophthalmic emergencies

Irrespective of geographical location or patient cohort, emergency departments are high risk locations capable of inspiring extreme anxiety and dread in patients and doctors alike. The stress multiplies when a walk-in or referred case is suspected of underlying neurological pathology....

Neurotrophic keratitis

The authors present an overview of the aetiology, diagnosis, current and future management options of neurotrophic keratitis. This is a degenerative corneal disease that occurs following the compromise of trigeminal innervation, leading to hypoesthesia and / or anaesthesia. The aetiology...

RPE tears in cases of IPCV

The aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence, characteristics, management and prognosis of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) tears in patients with polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV). Medical records of previous cases were reviewed over an eight-year period from a...

Mucormycosis: In conversation with Dr Deepak Haldipur and Dr Aditya Moorthy

COVID-19 has ravaged the world in the past 18 months. The second wave in many countries was deadlier than the first. Mucormycosis, infamously labelled ‘the black fungus’ has affected some countries, such as India, in epidemic proportions within this COVID...

A retrospective study of the use of Dermis Fat Grafts for orbital volume augmentation

The authors describe the outcomes of 173 primary Dermis Fat Grafts (DFGs) and 66 secondary DFGs. Median follow-up for the primary group was 21.5 months and 14 months for the secondary group. Outcome measures included: prosthesis motility, prosthesis fit, patient...

Unravelling ocular motility

Ocular motility can often be a slightly abstract concept during the earlier years of ophthalmology training. A large variance on what embodies normality; mythical concepts like fusion and binocular vision, examination techniques that can be fiddly, and complex neuroanatomy all...

Forward-tilt technique for intraocular pressure measurement in upgaze

The authors suggest a technique to improve the accuracy of measuring IOP in upgaze using Goldmann applanation tonometry. Graves’ ophthalmopathy, also known as thyroid eye disease, is an autoimmune inflammatory condition affecting the orbit and periorbital tissues [1]. It was...

Headaches in ophthalmology (part 2)

Ophthalmologists see a large number of patients with headaches or facial pain in the ophthalmic outpatient clinics or in emergency clinics. Over two articles, I will discuss several causes of headaches, ocular manifestations and proposed management and referral options. It...

Optos plc, a Nikon company, unveils new technology at AAO

Optos plc, the leading medical retinal imaging company, part of Nikon Corporation, is pleased to announce that the newest generation Daytona, the only true ultra-widefield (UWF) imaging device was launched at the American Academy of Ophthalmology.